As you know, the Moscow region is not the easiest region for growing fruit and berry crops, especially if you take into account the difference in seasonal temperatures and the possibility of a snowless winter. Therefore, in recent years, a large number of varieties of berry plants have been bred, and cherry is no exception. Modern breeders have created a number of varieties that are resistant to both various weather diseases and fungal diseases. And if you consider these varieties of cherries in detail, you can find the one that will have the taste and aroma the gardener needs, and even the one whose flowers will have decorative qualities.
There are actually not so many varieties of cherries adapted to the conditions of the Central region of Russia, in particular, to the Moscow region. The state register of the country has about 37 varieties of ordinary cherries in the Central region and only 15 varieties of felt cherries, but even despite such quantities, experienced gardeners near Moscow have those varieties that are not only time-tested, but also have established themselves as plants with high quality yield indicators and strong immunity to all kinds of climatic conditions and diseases.
Variety Lyubskaya is a beautiful, not vigorous plant with a large number of bushy drooping shoots, from which a beautiful spreading crown is actually formed. The variety has a high self-fertility.
Bright cherries, eye-catching with their scarlet color, turn out to be sour with a subtle sweet note on the sample.
Many gardeners are familiar with the Turgenevka cherry (or Turgenevskaya) cherry - a variety that is characterized by a neat crown in the form of an inverted pyramid and an average height of the tree itself.
The dark wine color is an unusually beautiful decoration for sweet and sour berries of this variety.
The not vigorous variety Vladimirskaya stands out against the shape of other cherries with its bushy branching of weeping shoots, therefore the tree has an extremely dense crown.
Cherry Vladimirskaya has berries of a maroon color, which have a tart sour taste with a bright sweet note.
It should be noted that only the Lyubskaya variety has a self-pollinating ability, while the Turgenevka and Vladimirskaya cherries require replanting of the pollinator variety.
Variety Chereshnevaya, which, in fact, is a hybrid of cherry and sweet cherry, has not only fast growth, but also a wide beautiful crown, shaped like a pyramid. Cherries of this variety begin to bear fruit in the 3rd year of their life.
Dark red berries have a delicate sweet and sour taste with a bright cherry aftertaste
The Shpanka Bryanskaya variety stands out against the background of other cherries with its rounded and elongated crown, which is much longer than the tree trunk. Such a ratio of a long crown and a short trunk makes an ordinary medium-sized tree unusually beautiful.
The fruits of this variety are distinguished by their bright scarlet color and sour taste with a clear sweet note.
The Sania cherry is a fast growing tree with pale brown branches. The crown of the Sania variety resembles a sphere in shape.
Sania cherries have a crimson-reddish color and sour taste with a bright sweet aftertaste.
A weak-growing tree of the Crimson variety has a not very wide bushy crown of a rounded shape.
Sweet and sour berries of this variety are distinguished by their wine-red color.
Cherry Zhivitsa (or else they say Zhivitsa) is a tree of medium height with a not very dense crown, the shape of which resembles a ball.
The fruit of this variety is red with a dark sheen and sour taste with a noticeable sweet aftertaste.
The Molodezhnaya variety is a low tree with a wide openwork crown.
The sweet-sour berries of this variety have a rich wine-burgundy color.
The Malinovka variety is a tree of medium height, decorated with a dense crown shaped like a sphere.
The fruits of this variety are red in color with dark reflections, and a sour taste with a noticeable sweet aftertaste.
The variety Griot Moskovsky has a wide crown in the form of a pyramid, the tree of which is distinguished by strong growth.
Dark, young wine color, berries have a delicate sour taste, leaving behind a pleasant sweet aftertaste
The Shubinka variety is a tall tree with a dense weeping crown, similar in shape to a pyramid.
Glittering burgundy berries have an inexpressive sour taste
Cherry Anthracite has a beautiful spreading crown of medium density.
Berries of the Anthracite variety are distinguished by their burgundy-ink color and mild sour taste with a noticeable sweet aftertaste
The Mtsenskaya variety attracts the eye with its unusual oval-round crown. The stems of the plant are brown in color and vertically oriented.
The fruits of this variety have a sour-sweetish taste and wine-burgundy color.
Cherry varieties Bystrinka please gardeners not only with fast growth, but also with a natural sparse crown, similar to a ball.
Cherries of this variety are rich red, decorated with a beautiful shine, and taste sour with a light sweet note
The Tamaris variety is unique for its reverse-pyramidal crown, which surprises with its bizarrely spreading branches.
The fruits of the Tamaris variety are distinguished not only by a sweet taste with a tart hint of sourness, but also by an unusual burgundy-purple color
The Rusinka variety has a beautiful spreading crown in the shape of a sphere. The stems of the plant themselves are painted in light brown tones and are directed straight up.
Wine-reddish berries of this variety have a rich sour taste and a bright sweet aftertaste.
When choosing a cherry variety, you want the berries to be not only healthy, but also tasty. That is why it has long been customary to plant Vladimirskaya. Its unique tepid taste is recognized by professionals as excellent, and gardeners treat it with love. The selection work did not stand still and varieties appeared, which were given the highest marks by professional tasters.
The undisputed leader among the tastiest is a cherry of the Shyenchivaya variety. In the spring, this tree of medium height will decorate the site with white flowers, collected in inflorescences of three. The variety ripens late and does not differ in outstanding winter hardiness and disease resistance. The main thing is that the large fruits of this variety will leave few people indifferent, if only because the juicy, very tasty pulp of a dark red color is hidden behind an almost black skin.
With a large mass of fruit, the berry of the Shyenchivaya variety contains quite a few acids, with a sufficiently high sugar content
Due to its partial self-fertility, Shy is rich in crops that can be served and put into the harvest.
The parade of delicious cherries, the Pamyat Yenikeeva variety, continues.
Despite the fact that Pamyat Yenikeev ranks second, in reality it is a variety of early ripening. It is also important that its dark red large juicy berries can be tasted already in the 4th year.
Cherries of the Pamyat Yenikeeva variety are not only champions of taste, but also the largest among the most delicious
A self-fertile tree of this variety has an average winter hardiness and resistance to coccomycosis.
The medium-sized fast-growing bush of the Assol variety will continue. On 4–5-year-old bushes of the average ripening of the Assol variety, tender juicy fruits with a pleasant acidity will appear.
The Assol bush is hardy and self-fertile.
The fourth in the top five is the Volochaevka variety. Volochaevka fruits managed to combine small size, very good taste and high vitamin C content. The coccomycosis-resistant and winter-hardy variety Volochaevka is endowed with a yield that exceeds the varieties Pamyat Yenikeeva and Assol.
Cherries of the Volochaevka variety can successfully delight in taste both fresh and in blanks
The last fifth place is occupied by the Shokoladnitsa variety. The last in the list, but far from the last in terms of uniqueness, the cherry variety will surprise with its fruits. The berries of Shokoladnitsa do not have a large size, but they contain more sugar and acids than Shy, Pamyat Yenikeev, Assol and Volochaek.
Many gardeners claim that Shokoladnitsa berries combine the taste of cherry and sweet cherry
The winter-hardy and partially self-fertile Shokoladnitsa will delight with a large harvest every year.
Top five most delicious cherries compiled on the basis of data from the State Register
In the gardens of the Moscow region, in the spring, you can often find small shrub-type trees or shrubs, completely covered with white or pink flowers. Against the background of nature that has not yet awakened, early maturing varieties of felt cherries look like aliens from fairy tales.
Felt cherry most often outstrips ordinary cherry not only in terms of flowering, but also in age at which it begins to bear fruit.
Early ripening varieties of ordinary cherries will be treated to the first fruits at 4–5 years old, while the felt varieties will please with the harvest already at 3–4 years. Among the green foliage, red berries will appear like lights. Due to the very short stalk, there is a feeling that the branches are covered with cherries. This is another decorative feature of the felt cherry.
The close arrangement of the fruits to the branches became the basis for mistakenly classifying the felt cherry as a columnar plant. People draw an analogy between apple and cherry, completely forgetting that these are different genera of the same family. Therefore, they have significant differences from each other. Felt cherry bears fruit on annual shoots. Formation of the crown in order to create a semblance of columnar trees will lead to pruning of fruiting branches, which means a complete loss of yield. Perhaps someday breeders will bring out columnar cherries, but so far these do not exist. But this does not exclude the merits of already existing varieties of felt cherries.
Height 2-3 meters, lush flowering, unusual arrangement of brightly colored harvest - these are the properties thanks to which these bushes and trees have earned special love from designers and even received recommendations from experts. Felt will delight you not only with its high decorative effect.
The branches are entirely covered with bright fruits with barely noticeable pubescence - villi, because of which this type of cherry is called felt
The main thing is juicy, tasty and very healthy berries that can be eaten with pleasure in any form. The fruits are universal, therefore, candied fruits, in confiture, in jam, in pies, and just fresh, they are great.
The table shows the varieties of winter-hardy felt cherries, whose berries can be eaten fresh or in cooking. These varieties are best suited for growing in the Moscow region.
In most cases, felt cherries are self-fertile, so a pollinator is required. This problem can be easily solved by planting two or more bushes close to each other. At the same time, it is not necessary to plant two plants of the same variety, the main thing is that the ripening dates coincide. So, in a pair to the Atlanta variety with its excellent taste, you can plant the White variety. This variety will contrast in color (it matches the name), complements the crop (it has a high yield) and surpasses Atlanta in vitamin C.
This variety will contrast in color (it matches the name), complements the crop (it has a high yield) and surpasses Atlanta in vitamin C content.
People love some varieties of cherries not for the great taste of berries or a bountiful harvest, but for the beauty of their flowering. Only two varieties of decorative purpose are adapted to the conditions of the Moscow region.
One of these varieties is - Spring Caprice, which has an ellipsoidal crown with bright brownish branches. The shoots of the plant are oriented straight up.
The flower of this plant has whitish pink petals and dark pink stamens.
The Morning Cloud variety stands out for its beautiful openwork crown, which has a spheroid shape and thin drooping shoots.
This variety has a white color of both the petals and its entire core, including the stamens, but over time, the petals can acquire a delicate pink tint.
Both varieties are highly resistant to frost and drought, as well as strong immunity to coccomycosis and monilial burn.
So, high-quality varieties of cherries with high rates of winter hardiness and drought resistance are enough for every gardener in the Moscow region to be able to find a plant that will satisfy all his needs. It remains only to clearly define the personal requirements and wishes for the variety.
Hello! My name is Olga, I am studying to be an ecologist - soil scientist at the Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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All varieties of cherries differ among themselves in various ways, whether it is the ripening time, the size of the fruit or the region of growth. The most frost-resistant cherries are those grown in the northern regions. (Ob, Ashinskaya, Blizzard), but the most productive and sweetest varieties grow in the south of the country (Lyubskaya, Shpanka, Garland). Cherries, early ripening the most stable, but their taste is much more sour (Shokoladnitsa, Molodezhnaya), medium ripening varieties are the golden mean (Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Turgenevka). Another sign is the presence of flowers of both sexes, that is, self-fertility (Apkhutinskaya, Pamyat Yenikiev). To choose the most suitable cherry variety, you need to know all their characteristics.
A medium late ripening variety (late July - early August) of Russian selection.
The tree is fast-growing, low-growing (up to 1.8-2.5 m), compact, with a sparse, spreading crown of a spherical shape, where most of the branches are directed from the trunk at an angle of about 45 °. A characteristic feature of the variety is drooping annual "silvery" branches.
Productivity is stable and high - up to 25-30 kg per tree. A short period of full-fledged productive fruiting (up to 10 years) and the life of the tree as a whole (up to 15 years).
The variety is picky about soil fertility, average winter hardiness, in summer it can suffer from sunburn, begins to bear fruit in the 2-3rd year. Flowering is long, very lush, flower buds are resistant to freezing. Disease resistance is good, except for coccomycosis and moniliosis.
Possible additional pollinating varieties: cherries Anadolskaya, Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Lotovaya, Fertile Michurina, Early Shpanka.
The fruits are medium-sized (3.8-4 g), oval-rounded and dark red in color with a glossy sheen. The skin is thin but firm, the flesh is tender, red, juicy, the taste is very noticeable sourness. The small bone is easily separated from the pulp.
The fruits are very well transported and stored.
Once in the gardens near Moscow there were a lot of cherries, but today this fruit tree is extremely difficult to grow due to fungal diseases. When choosing a variety for the Moscow region, they take into account, first of all, immunity to diseases and frost resistance. Cherry varieties for the Moscow region must be resistant to return frost.
Factors influencing the choice of cherry varieties for cultivation in the Moscow region: