Indoor plants are very popular in recent years, in fact the number of people who have a plant in their house to care for is increasing more and more day by day. We will therefore give you some tips on how to grow these plants without making them suffer and make them last as long as possible over the years. The first useful information we give you concerns the winter period; in fact you must know that when it is cold indoor plants undergo physiological changes to adapt to climate change. In fact, in order to grow, the plant must have a biological process which is in turn conditioned by the climate. When you bring the plant inside the apartment during the winter, it undergoes a radical change and it could go under stress. Just think that when most plants are outdoors they are subject to sudden climate changes, wind and all these atmospheric phenomena, instead when moved indoors they undergo a strong change and it could take months before it gets used to it to it. In this period of time you will need to take great care of the plant so that it can grow at its best even in the apartment. In fact, the change of location particularly affects growth, flowering, fruit production and, sometimes, can even lead to the killing of the plant. In fact, according to nature, plants when they undergo a strong change of habitat react in an instinctive way to decrease its vital processes and keep its energy and consequently also its nutrients to a minimum. So you can witness a sudden fall of flowers and a change in color of the leaves, which from an acid green could change to a dark yellow, which are symptoms of a weakening of the plant.
Most of the plants that are grown in the apartments are of tropical origin, and for this reason they need a warm and therefore particularly high climate, but at the same time they need a certain humidity. For this reason, many people are inclined to put plants near strong heat sources, but the plant could suffer and therefore die because the air around them becomes too dry. Furthermore, plants should not be placed near drafts because even on this occasion they could suffer. Finally, in the winter months, remember to delay the time they return to the apartment because they would be subject to low night temperatures.
Light turns out to be an essential element for the life of plants, even if like all positive things it can lead to other negative things and so if you exploit light in a less appropriate way it could be a negative factor. One of the things to avoid is to place the plants away from the glass exposed to the sun, because you could inadvertently cause damage to the plant, in fact the glass acts as a lens and thus increases the temperature that is fixed on the plant in question thus burning the leaves. In other cases, non-flowering may occur if the plant has not received enough light. If, on the other hand, the plant to be cared for needs little light, then be careful not to store it in very bright places. In this case it is important to understand what type of plant adapts to the brightness of the environment in which it will be placed.
Water is very important because it is an essential part of watering. The general rule says that the watering to be done to a houseplant must be regular and not excessive, because they could create stagnant situations on the bottom of the pot and have excessive dryness in the soil. It is also important to use water poor in limestone and chlorine in order not to create excess salt in the soil that would cause the roots to die.
When you fertilize a plant you will need to examine all the nutrients within the fertilizer. When you carry out this operation you must be careful that the fertilizations must be regular and above all suitable for each type of plant, in fact they could cause alterations of the plant: such as the lack of formation of flowers and fruits, branches with few leaves, which make the appearance ugly. aesthetic of the plant, thus depriving it of its ornamental function. If the plant you are growing begins to have the first forms of impatience, such as leaves that fall or turn yellow, you must give the plant mixtures that act on it in the form of tonic. Because they have some properties inside that are good for the life of the plant. Most of the elements are made up of amino acids, vitamins, plant extracts and carbohydrates that increase the energy of the plant making it recover in a short time, favoring floral development and fruiting.
Indoor succulents are an excellent solution to give an original touch to your apartment. What are the most suitable types? We describe 10 of them.
You don't have a green thumb but still want to add a touch of green to your home? Succulents indoor are the one for you. Yes, because these are seedlings that, often, they do not require great care because they adapt to the environment in which they are to be placed.
These are seedlings extremely decorative, sure, but what they can also be a valuable aid to your health. They are able, in fact, to purify the air from elements that are harmful to our body.
Thanks to social mediaalso, indoor succulents have become really trendy. There are even single-issue Instagram profiles. To get an idea of the phenomenon, just look at the @succulentcity account or the hashtag #cactuslover with over 2 million posts published.
Let's see together ten types of indoor succulents to be inserted immediately in your home.
There Mammillaria it is among the succulents that need little light. Indeed, it must be placed in partial shade. On the other hand, it does not tolerate too harsh climates (below 10 degrees). Originally from Latin America, it flourishes in a luxuriant way.
Also the Crassula Buddha's Temple, requires little light. Why is it called that? Because it resembles a Buddhist temple. Pay attention to temperatures: below 20 degrees the Crassula could suffer.
Kentia (or Howea) loves the shade and recalls the atmosphere of the 1920s living rooms. Due to its size, is able to bestow to the room a tropical atmosphere, reaching up to almost 3 meters in height. In winter it should be watered once every 2 weeks. Every 2 yearsinstead it must be repotted in pots of about 35 cm in diameter.
One of the most used plants in vertical gardens is the fern, which belongs to the category of Pteridophytes, ie plants with stem, true roots, leaves and a vascular system. Although the term "fern" indicates a wide range of species (over 11,000), it is a plant that spreads through spores, as it lacks seeds. While preferring warm environments and tropical climates, some varieties also grow in the most shady and humid areas.
Consequently, these types must be protected from sunlight, which would cause the leaves to turn yellow prematurely. Therefore, in addition to the shade, these species need a large amount of water: in summer they must be watered about every two weeks, in winter instead, slow-release fertilizer must be spread. In light of this it is evident that the fern, despite having several advantages, is certainly a plant that needs more care than succulents or other varieties of evergreens suitable for your vertical garden.
The interior of the house is not the ideal place to grow plants. Most of them come from protected or forced greenhouse crops instead, in the spontaneous state, they live in tropical or sub tropical areas in a climate and environment characterized by intense heat, constant brightness and a high degree of humidity.
However, with some tricks and simple care, we can still develop these plants even indoors. Exposure, light, humidity and watering must be carefully observed. The indoor plants, generally, they are divided into two categories: the houseplants with leaves and the houseplants with flowers.
Even in the myriad of types of indoor plants, groups with similar characteristics can be identified.
Leafy plants can be green or variegated with bright and predominant colors, they are hardy houseplants and easier to grow.
The variegates generally need higher temperatures and humidity and are more difficult to live in the house if they do not find the right environmental conditions.
Some examples of green indoor plants:
It is a houseplant of tropical origin, often mistakenly included in the group of succulents due to the fleshy foliage, lanceolate and variegated. It likes a temperature of 15 to 30 degrees with a lot of light and very little watering. Semi-light soil.
Plant of tropical origin of great decorative interest due to the elegance of its foliage and posture. It needs a temperature above 18 degrees with a lot of light, but it suffers from direct sunlight and sudden changes in temperature. Regular watering and frequent spraying of the foliage. Semi-light soil.
There are numerous varieties, all of great decorative interest. These houseplants are particularly suitable for interiors and for shady and humid outdoor places with temperatures from 10 to 25 degrees. Abundant watering. Semi-light soil.
Very decorative, it is not easy to grow because it requires high ambient humidity with temperatures from 15 to 30 degrees, a lot of light and no sun. Rich watering in summer, moderate in winter. No drafts. Light soil.
Very vigorous climbing plant of Asian origin. It needs a temperature of 15 to 25 degrees with a lot of light and not direct sun. Very regular watering, even in winter. Semi-light soil. Plant suitable for hydroculture.
Native to tropical countries, perennial plant with variegated leaves, of great decorative effect. It requires a constant temperature of 15-20 degrees with lots of light, not direct sun. Quite frequent watering, such as to keep the soil fresh.
Plant of Amazonian origin of high decorative value for its beautiful leaves with particular decorations similar to parchment. Temperature over 18 degrees. Lots of light, but never direct sun. Frequent watering and spraying because the plant loves humidity. Light soil.
Genus of over 100 species, evergreen, highly sought after for their high decorative value. it is of tropical origin, so it loves humid heat and light, not direct sun. Abundant watering during the summer. Semi-light soil.
Originally from South Africa. it produces long hanging stolons at the ends of which small seedlings develop. It needs diffused light, with the exclusion of direct sunlight. Keep the plant in an airy position, but away from drafts. Watering must be abundant in spring and summer and reduced in autumn-winter.
Flowering plants can bloom easily every year if cared for properly. Here are some examples
Much appreciated for the decoration of apartments due to its usually winter flowering. It needs a fairly warm environment with plenty of light, but not direct sunlight. Few waterings and a sandy and well-drained soil.
Dark green leaves streaked with white areas, light pink bracts, long lasting white, pink and blue flowers. It needs a temperature of 15-20 degrees with diffused light, but not the sun. Rather rare waterings. Semi-light soil.
It is part of the very large orchid family. It loves a very intense but shielded light, especially in the hottest hours of summer days and watering should preferably be done with demineralized water since the aerial roots are very sensitive to excess salts.
It is a delightful plant whose flowers, generally of a velvety violet, stand out nicely on the dark green of the leaves. It loves heat and constant humidity and likes watering that is not abundant, but frequent. Avoid touching or wetting the very delicate leaves. Light soil.
Genus of over 50 species of terrestrial orchids, spontaneously spread in Asia and Australia. It needs a minimum temperature of 10 degrees with a lot of light and never direct sun. In the summer period, frequent and abundant watering, less frequent in winter. Very light soil.
Beautiful tropical plant of good duration and of high decorative value due to its characteristic flowers resembling large lacquered leaves. Likes high temperatures and a lot of humidity. Full light, but no direct sun. Frequent watering and spraying in summer, rare in autumn-winter. Semi-light soil.
Plant of Brazilian origin where it lives spontaneously on decaying trunks or on the lower branches of trees. It is very fond of humid heat with temperatures above 10-12 degrees. It requires light or even penumbra, but never direct sun. Frequent watering, even in the center of the plant. Semi-light soil.
When choosing a plant for the house, the shape and height are also important. There are erect plants such as the ficus (Ficus elastica) or creepers such as the Cissus antarctica, which can grow up to 2 meters or more.
Other plants are small and bushy and never exceed 20-25 cm in height. Falling varieties, such as the zebrina and the tradescantia, do not need a lot of space for the container, while they require a lot to adequately expand their falling vegetation: you have to provide it without saving.
Tall, sometimes impressive, they become real pieces of furniture. Their large leaf surface requires constant care to eliminate dust and the lighting must always be abundant. The pots, even if large, are often limiting for their growth and it is necessary to irrigate and fertilize frequently.
Here are some examples for a tall houseplant:
It is one of the many varieties of palm trees. Very decorative, it tolerates a minimum temperature of 10-12 degrees and needs a lot of light, but never direct sun. Water moderately in winter, abundantly in spring and summer. The leaves should be washed periodically. Semi-light soil.
The name, of Greek origin, means "who loves the tree" and means the climbing habit of many species of this genus. Of tropical origin, it needs temperatures from 15 to 30 degrees. It requires frequent spraying. It needs a lot of light, but no direct sun. Semi-light soil.
The genus includes 800 species with very different shapes and characteristics. It needs a lot of light, but little sun. Abundant watering in summer, moderate in winter with frequent spraying of the foliage. It can also settle outdoors, in areas where the cold is not intense. Semi-light soil.
It includes 40 species of evergreen plants that feature long, ribbon-like and leathery leaves, often ending in a thorn. Love the light and also the direct sun. In the summer months it should be watered abundantly, while during the other periods it is good to reduce watering to a minimum.
Plant native to the tropics of America. It is excellent for interior decoration, although it is rather delicate. He loves the light very much but not the direct sun. Clean the leaves well, warm and constant temperature, frequent watering. Semi-light soil.
A splendid evergreen and very delicate plant, it does not tolerate wind blows or sudden changes in temperature and prefers humid heat. Minimum temperature of 15-18 degrees with abundant light, avoiding direct sun. In winter scarce watering, in summer abundant and frequent spraying of the leaves when the temperature is very high. Semi-light soil.
Each plant has its own needs in terms of soil, irrigation and lighting. The cultivation in pots allows us to satisfy them without any difficulty as regards the first two, but for the third it is necessary to move carefully and observe what happens around the light source of each room: the window. The presence of two windows close to the corner of the room, one of which faces north, allows us to combine very different plant species. In front of the glass, the lighting is direct and of high intensity: as such it is harmful to almost all houseplants, with the exception of Chlorophytum (which turns out to be a great choice among hardy houseplants) and a few others.
There Dracena sanderiana, better Note how luck bamboo, it is a very easy houseplant to care for. It grows in low light (should be placed in partial shade) and hardly ever needs water.
In fact, it grows perfectly in a pot filled with water and pebbles. Obviously, you will not have to leave it to itself, but you will always have to check that there is the right humidity.