By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer
Silver leaf philodendrons are attractive, tropical plants with olive green leaves splashed with silvery markings and tend to be bushier than most other philodendrons. For more information on the Brandi philodendron variety, click the following article.
By Mary Ellen Ellis
Philodendron selloum is an easy plant to grow. You get a lot of plant for minimal effort, as it will grow into a large shrub or small tree with large, decorative leaves and requires little care. Learn more about these “split-leaf” philodendron plants here.
By Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden
Tree philodendron houseplants are long-lived plants that need only the simplest of care. In fact, too much TLC might make them grow so large you’re unable to move them indoors for the winter. Learn about tree philodendron care in this article.
By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer
Can you cut back philodendrons? Yes, you sure can. Although they don?t require a lot of pruning, occasionally cutting back philodendron plants keeps these beauties looking their best and from becoming too large. This article will explain more.
By Liz Baessler
The philodendron Congo Rojo is an attractive warm weather plant that produces showy flowers and interesting leaves. It gets the name ?rojo? from its new leaves, which unfurl in a deep, shiny red fading to a burgundy green color once mature. Learn more here.
The Spruce / Letícia Almeida
Native to the rainforests of Central America, the Monstera deliciosa plant is also known as the "tropical split-leaf philodendron." This climbing evergreen is a popular easy-to-grow houseplant and a favorite of many interior designers for both residential and commercial spaces. Indoors, the plant grows about two feet high, its leathery, glossy, characteristic split and heart-shaped leaves coming from intricate aerial roots, which can be used for ropes and basket making. It is also called Swiss cheese plant due to the perforated leaves, which can grow up to three feet long and are significantly larger than the related petite variety M. adansonii. Hardy in USDA Zones 10 through 12, Monstera deliciosa thrives in high humidity, produces tan-cream flowers pollinated by bees and bears edible juicy fruit with the combined flavor of pineapple and banana. Fruiting is not common in houseplants.
|Botanical Name||Monstera Deliciosa|
|Common Names||Split-leaf philodendron, Swiss cheese plant, Windowleaf, Ceriman|
|Plant Type||Climbing evergreen|
|Mature Size||Three feet tall/long, spaced two to three feet wide|
|Sun Exposure||Bright indirect sunlight, partially shaded|
|Soil Type||Peat-based potting soil, well-drained|
|Soil pH||Acid or neutral|
|Hardiness Zones||10, 11, 12|
|Native Area||Central America|
Prune a Philodendron Selloum with sharp pruners or scissors .You can remove entire leaves be cutting them off at the base of the leaf stem. You can remove the lower leaves if you want to reveal the plant’s stem. Pruning Tree Philodendron is essential to control its size and shape.
Always wear gloves when pruning a Tree Philodendron. Besides that wash your hands and tools when finished, you don’t want to get the sap in your eyes or mouth.
Philodendron Hope will lose a leaf here and there as they grow. These dead leaves should be removed by snapping the base of the leaf stem off of the primary plant trunk or, in the case of a dense variety, the leaves should be snapped off as close to the soil as possible.
It is also a good idea to periodically remove dried-up new leaf husks. Indoors, this dry leaf material can be a catalyst for fungus gnats, so keeping organic material cleared away is a great preventative measure for avoiding infestation.
As it ages, Philodendron Hope can grow out along its centralized trunk, turning itself into something more like a tree than a bushy floor plant. The trunk can be pruned back if it grows out of control. This plant is also known to grow long, trailing air roots. These are perfectly natural, and whether or not they are attractive is a matter of personal opinion. If you do not like the look of the air roots or if they are becoming intrusive, they can be cut back.
Be aware that Philodendron Hope is considered poisonous. Be sure not to ingest any of the fluid that may get on you after pruning a trunk or cutting away unsightly dead leaves.