If you are a big cucumber lover and you need this crispy and refreshing vegetable from spring to autumn, then plant a Zyatek hybrid. It grows without much care, does not require pollination. Zelentsy can be collected for the table at any stage of growth. And the manufacturer is especially trusted.
The author of the hybrid is one of the leaders of the Russian seed market - the agricultural firm "Gavrish". The son-in-law was created with the assistance of scientists from the Moscow Research Institute of Agriculture. These two organizations became the originators, that is, they are responsible for the safety and purity of the variety.
The company "Gavrish" has been engaged in breeding for over 20 years, initially it became famous as tomato. More than 400 varieties and hybrids of tomatoes have been entered into the State Register: Evpator, Babushkino basket, Big Mom, Sugar Nastasya, Pervoklashka, etc.
And today "Gavrish" is also proud of its cucumbers. The first masterpiece was the high-yielding Courage with a bundle ovary. Zyatok, along with other hybrids of the same selection, adequately complements the rich and interesting assortment. By the way, the mother-in-law's cucumber was created in a pair of Zyatka in the same year. The company "Gavrish" packs the seeds of these literally relatives in one package (but each in its own mini-package), and separately.
The main thing for which Zyatka's gardeners fell in love is abundant fruiting until autumn, even in an unfavorable summer. The bushes are not affected by downy mildew and powdery mildew, they are resistant to root rot. This cucumber develops strong roots and strong stems with unlimited growth. Development and fruiting continues as long as the weather permits.
In each axil of the leaf, from 3 to 8 flowers are laid. All of them are female, self-pollinating, that is, the ovaries will be in any weather, insects are not needed. The son-in-law was created for growing in greenhouses, however, it bears fruit well in the open field. The yield of one bush is 5–7 kg.
At least three cucumbers grow from each sinus of the Son-in-law
The first greens are ready for harvesting 42 days after germination, but they can also be picked at the stage of gherkins (about 3.5 cm long). Zyatka's cucumbers grow up to 10-13 cm, their weight is 90-120 g. The surface is green with light blurry stripes at the top, covered with tubercles and very densely white thorns.
Experts say that strong thorniness is a sign of the suitability of a cucumber for pickling. During preparation for canning, the thorns fall off, and many small holes form across the entire surface of the cucumber. Brine evenly penetrates through them, which ensures high quality of the product.
Zyatek cucumbers are universal, they are never bitter, so they are delicious to eat right from the bush, can be added to salads and canned. In jars, greens remain crispy and fragrant.
Sow Zyatok cucumber or plant seedlings:
Place the plants in a 50x50 cm pattern. The soil should be filled with humus and wood ash in advance. Your daily concern will be to keep the soil constantly moist, loose and free from weeds.
A week after planting the seedlings, and if they sown directly to the garden bed, then when one true leaf appears on the plants, start feeding the cucumbers. Repeat feeding every 7-10 days. Before flowering, you can water with nitrogen-rich infusions of nettle (1: 5 with water), chicken droppings (1:20) or mullein (1:10).
During flowering and fruiting, cucumbers need a complex of macro- and microelements. For this period, it is better to use special mixtures for cucumbers based on humus: BioMaster, BioHumus, etc. Many gardeners apply these natural fertilizers with each watering.
Start shaping when 5-6 leaves grow on the bushes. Grow your son-in-law in one stem, tie it to the trellis. Remove all stepchildren, flowers and ovaries growing in the axils of the lower five leaves. In practice, it has already been proven: cucumbers above the fifth leaf ripen faster than those that are formed below. The first fruits only take away strength, without them the bush will quickly grow a whip and be covered with greenery. Pinch the side shoots (stepchildren) above the 5th sheet over the second sheet.
One of the formation options: the lower sinuses are blinded, the stepsons are shortened to 2 sheets above, the main stem was pinched under the ceiling and the two upper stepsons were sent along the wire
The above formation scheme is the simplest and most popular for hybrids. But there are other options, for example:
Another scheme: the higher the stepson is located, the less it is shortened (below - above the 2nd sheet, above - above the 4th)
The main thing is to know that hybrids tie fruits in each bosom both on the main stem and on the lateral ones. The longer the whip and stepchildren are, the richer the harvest. It is possible not to form at all, but only to tie up the main stem and shorten the overgrown stepchildren.
When the stems reach the top, pinch them or drag them over the bar so they hang down. Zyatka's bushes grow indefinitely in length, so in the south, where the warm season lasts for a long time, they came up with the idea of twisting the lower part of the stem into rings. After all, fruiting goes up over time, and the bottom is bare, the cucumbers in this zone have already been collected, the leaves are torn off as unnecessary. Then the stem at the base is carefully pulled up, lowering it down the trellis, and the exposed part is folded, laid on the ground in rings.
The Zyatyok hybrid can be harvested every day. It is better not to pluck the zelents from the lashes, but, as in this video, carefully cut them off with scissors. Then there is less risk of damaging small ovaries remaining in the same bosom from which you take an already grown cucumber.
Son-in-law is an abundant cucumber with a long-term yield. It grows and bears fruit throughout the warm season, which means that you will have to take care of it all summer: water it every day, feed it once a week, and also shape it as the stem and stepsons grow.
Varieties of bouquet greens are classified according to many criteria.
Cucumbers are one of the main vegetables in any garden, along with tomatoes, beets and other crops. It is known that most of the varieties and hybrids of this vegetable form paired female flowers (inflorescences), or single ones, in the axils of the leaf plates. Accordingly, after pollination, 1 or 2 fruits will appear on the plant.
However, not so long ago, hybrids were bred that are capable of forming 3-8 female flowers in each node. These varieties are referred to as a bouquet (bunch) type of flowering.
Superbeam varieties of cucumbers are also known. It is common for them to have 8 to 14 female flowers. In terms of yield, they are unique - they bear up to 500 fruits per season. It is these varieties that include gherkin type cucumbers.
To the question of what bunch cucumbers are, you can answer what it is - hybrids that were bred through selection by crossing some especially productive varieties with varieties that have female flowering. The requirements of bunch cucumbers for care and maintenance are very similar to ordinary varieties, but they also have nuances that you should know.
There are many advantages to bunch cucumbers, which is why they are in high demand and have positive reviews from gardeners.
But the most important thing that breeders talk about is high yield, massive fruit ripeness. It is noted that for bunch varieties, fruits of the same size are characteristic - medium-sized. Overgrowth is ruled out due to the great competition for nutrients.
The main advantage of hybrids is high yield.
To achieve high yields, you will need to take into account the secrets of cultivation from specialists and the characteristics of the hybrid. But the formation of a certain number of ovaries depends not only on the characteristics of the variety, but also on proper care, nutrition and keeping conditions.
Bushes with insufficient moisture levels or, conversely, with wet soil can give a bad harvest. Also, the reason may be a lack of light, feeding, violation of the microclimate in the greenhouse.
Bunch cucumbers are classified according to different characteristics. According to the purpose, the varieties are salad with small seeds, thin skin and white thorns, as well as varieties for salting
Distinguish between cucumbers and ripening. Sprinters, the so-called early varieties, are characterized by a fast ripening period, good germination, but they quickly cease to bear fruit. Late varieties of cucumbers are more resistant to diseases and have long-term fruiting.
One of the important characteristics is pollination. All varieties of cucumbers are divided into pollinated by bees and parthenocarpic, which do not require pollination (sometimes they are called self-pollinated).
In addition, cucumber varieties have a number of differences in the branching of lateral shoots:
Bunch cucumbers: how to grow and get a rich harvest
Thus, before purchasing, you need to decide what kind of variety is needed for planting, and then create all the necessary conditions for the culture for development and active fruiting.
The reviews are mostly positive:
We invite you to familiarize yourself with the assortment of hybrid varieties of cucumbers from the Gavrish agricultural firm in the following video review:
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"Frost-resistant" varieties of garden strawberries (more often simply - "strawberries") also need shelter, as well as ordinary varieties (especially in those regions where there are snowless winters or frosts alternating with thaws). All strawberries have shallow roots. This means that without shelter, they freeze out. Assurances of sellers that strawberries are "frost-hardy", "winter-hardy", "tolerate frosts down to -35 ℃", etc., is a deception. Gardeners should remember that the root system of strawberries has never been changed.
Natural toxins are found in many plants, and those grown in gardens and vegetable gardens are no exception. So, in the seeds of apples, apricots, peaches there is hydrocyanic (hydrocyanic) acid, and in the tops and peel of unripe nightshades (potatoes, eggplants, tomatoes) - solanine. But do not be afraid: their number is too small.
From varietal tomatoes you can get "your" seeds for sowing next year (if you really like the variety). And it is useless to do it with hybrid ones: the seeds will turn out, but they will carry the hereditary material not of the plant from which they were taken, but of its numerous “ancestors”.
Compost - rotted organic residues of various origins. How to do it? Everything is stacked in a heap, a hole or a large box: kitchen leftovers, tops of garden crops, weeds mown before flowering, thin twigs. All this is interlayered with phosphate rock, sometimes with straw, earth or peat. (Some summer residents add special composting accelerators.) Cover with foil. In the process of overheating, the pile is periodically ted up or pierced for the flow of fresh air. Usually compost “matures” for 2 years, but with modern additives it can be ready in one summer season.
Both humus and compost are rightfully the basis of organic farming. Their presence in the soil significantly increases the yield and improves the taste of vegetables and fruits. They are very similar in properties and appearance, but they should not be confused. Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. Compost - rotted organic residues of various origins (spoiled food from the kitchen, tops, weeds, thin twigs). Humus is considered a better fertilizer, compost is more readily available.
Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. It is prepared like this: manure is piled in a heap or pile, sandwiched with sawdust, peat and garden soil. The collar is covered with a film to stabilize the temperature and humidity (this is necessary to increase the activity of microorganisms). The fertilizer "ripens" within 2-5 years - depending on external conditions and the composition of the feedstock. The output is a loose homogeneous mass with a pleasant smell of fresh earth.
In small Denmark, any piece of land is a very expensive pleasure. Therefore, local gardeners have adapted to growing fresh vegetables in buckets, large bags, foam boxes filled with a special earthen mixture. Such agrotechnical methods allow you to get a harvest even at home.
Oklahoma farmer Carl Burns has developed an unusual variety of colorful corn called Rainbow Corn. The grains on each ear are of different colors and shades: brown, pink, purple, blue, green, etc. This result was achieved through many years of selection of the most colored common varieties and their crossing.
The novelty of American developers is the Tertill robot, which weeds in the garden. The device was invented under the guidance of John Downes (the creator of the robot vacuum cleaner) and works autonomously in all weather conditions, moving on uneven surfaces on wheels. In doing so, he cuts all plants below 3 cm with the built-in trimmer.
It is necessary to take care of the varieties "Zyatek" and "Mother-in-law" correctly. In no case should the soil be allowed to dry out or waterlogged. Watering should be done approximately two or three times a week. Water must be at room temperature. It is necessary to water abundantly at the very root, it is advisable not to get on the leaves, it is best to perform the procedure in the evening after the heat has subsided or in the early morning.
The soil must be loosened, but not more often than once a week and only on the surface, since the roots of the cucumber are shallow. To maintain water and temperature conditions, it is necessary to mulch the soil. Timely hilling will protect the plant from fungal diseases and help the formation of new roots. Systematic weeding is necessary to avoid depriving the seedlings of nutrients and the risk of disease.
It is recommended to ventilate the greenhouse in a timely manner. "Mother-in-law" and "Zyatek" need constant air circulation.
Feeding cucumbers is carried out according to the following scheme:
Before feeding, the cucumbers must be thoroughly watered to prevent scalding of the plant roots. Frequent feeding can lead to the death of the wattle fence.
It is advisable to attach the stems to a net or trellis, which must be installed in advance. Their height is about two meters. The plant is tied up with a loop made of twine at a level of 10-15 cm from the soil level. It is necessary to fasten it carefully so as not to overdo it with pulling the twine loop, thereby not to damage the stem.
Growing a cucumber is recommended with one stem, so the plant must be properly formed. The formation of the whip has the following stages:
The hybrid easily tolerates diseases, recovers well after them, is not prone to many cucumber diseases, but it will not be superfluous to take protective measures against infection with viral, fungal and bacterial diseases.
Prevention will be the observance of the rules of crop rotation, disinfection of seed material before sowing, watering the plants only with warm water to maintain the necessary humidity, access of fresh air for ventilation, and removal of diseased shoots. Damaged lashes, weeds, dried foliage must be removed immediately, otherwise pests will feed on them, and even insect larvae can breed in them.
You can spray the plantings with an infused tobacco or garlic solution. After harvesting, the remaining parts of the plant are burned.
The melon aphid occupies the back of the leaves of the hybrid, biting through them and absorbing the sap of the plant. The stem dries up, withers, dies. To destroy melon aphids, a soap-soda solution is used: a quarter of an ordinary piece of laundry soap is rubbed on a coarse grater, a tablespoon of soda is added (top), poured with a liter of boiling water, stirring thoroughly, diluted with ten liters of water and the plant is sprayed.
The spider mite sucks the juice out of the cucumber leaves and stems, thereby weakening the plant. It is recommended to fight it with the biological agents "Bitoxibacillin" and "Fitoverm", strictly following the instructions.
A short description of the variety and a photo of Lilliput F1 cucumbers can be found on the seed packaging. Zelentsy have an elongated cylindrical shape, sometimes growing in the form of a truncated cone. The skin of the cucumber Lilliput F1 is thin even in overgrown specimens, has a juicy green or dark green color, gradually lightening from the base to the top. Short white streaks can be seen on the surface of the peel. The cucumber is even, with many pimples, in the middle of which there are small whitish thorns. These small needles break off easily during collection.
The size of cucumbers Lilliput F1 is easy to guess from the name of the variety. The average specimen does not exceed 7-9 cm in length, 3 cm in diameter and 80-90 g in weight. Pickles are collected daily, gherkins - every other day. Zelentsy perfectly tolerate transportation and do not lose their presentation and taste for a long time.
Cucumbers Lilliput F1 are hard and crunchy, have an excellent delicate taste. They are good fresh, in salads and other cold appetizers. Lilliput F1 variety does not accumulate bitterness (the substance cucurbitacin is not produced) during sudden temperature changes and unstable weather conditions. Lilliput cucumbers are ideal for winter harvesting (pickling and pickling).
In the magazine I read good varieties for the 2nd turnover - Gunar and Ekol. Gunar planted, while the seedlings are happy, the stem is thick, does not stretch.
Last year there were plenty of cucumbers. Planted: Gunnar, Temp, Paratunka, Bettina. All hybrids from Semko. Sweet, they go to salads and marinades. I collect it once a week, they don't overgrow.
Gunnar cucumbers. Hybrid. Liked it. Not a bouquet bloom, but a cucumber in every bosom. Very productive, even. Claimed as resistant to downy mildew. Not resistant. Are sick. But they continue to bloom and bear fruit.
The high productivity of Gunnar is achieved due to the unlimited growth of the lash and the formation of 2-4 zelents in each bosom. Long-term fruiting will require regular and numerous watering and feeding. But with such a hybrid, you can pick cucumbers from one garden bed all summer and even in autumn.