Snowberry: types, growing conditions and use


Snowberry - it is a snowfield, snow or wolf berry

The name of this culture comes from Greek words "Sympherin" - gather together and "Karpos" - the fruit. It is obtained for a dense, crowded arrangement of fruits. And the name Snowberry, so well known to everyone, arose due to the white color of the fruits, as if covering the bushes with snow.

This genus includes up to 15 species of deciduous shrubs growing in mountain forests along river banks, on dry rocky slopes of North America, and only one species, the Chinese snowberry, grows in China.

Among the abundance of species of snowberry, the following are most common:


Snowberry white - grows in North America, covering territories from Canada to Pennsylvania. The habitats are usually open, light and sufficiently moist, open slopes, light mountain forests, river banks and dry stony soils.

The white snowberry is a deciduous shrub that reaches one and a half meters in height, has a rounded crown and long thin shoots. Leaves are simple, ovoid, whole-edged, up to 6 cm long, usually bluish below and green above. It blooms for a long time and very profusely with small pink flowers, collected in dense leaf-shaped inflorescences, located throughout the shoot and giving the plant a very elegant look.

Fruit ripening does not occur simultaneously: on the shoots, along with blossoming flowers, you can see mature fruits - spherical, reaching 1 cm in diameter and remaining on the branches for a very long time, even after the leaves have fallen, decorating the plant with this.

This type of snowberry grows rather quickly, is unpretentious to growing conditions, although it is light-loving and prefers lime-rich soils. It tolerates haircuts, shaping and city conditions very well. In the southeastern regions of the forest zone, it sometimes suffers from frost, but quickly recovers. It reproduces very well by layering, stem cuttings, dividing the bush and seeds. It is used for both single and group landings, as well as in hedges and curbs.


Common snowberry... Homeland - North America, where it is also called Indian currant or coral berry.

At home, it grows on dry sandy and stony soils, along river banks and in spacious meadows. The common snowberry is a rather tall shrub with thin shoots and small leaves that are dark green above and bluish below. The flowers, like those of the white snowberry, are small and collected in dense short inflorescences. Ripe fruits are hemispherical, purple-red with a bluish bloom. And in autumn this shrub is also very beautiful, thin shoots with purple leaves are strewn with red fruits along the entire length. The common snowberry, although less winter-hardy than the white one, may well grow in the middle zone of the European part of Russia.

In Western Europe, there are varieties of common snowberry with bordered leaves - Variegatus and Taff`s Silver Edge.

Snowberry western, homeland - North America, grows in the eastern, central and western regions, forming thickets on open and wooded slopes, rocky shores, along streams and rivers. The western snowberry is a shrub that reaches a height of 1.5 meters. Ripe fruits are hemispherical, decorative in winter. Average winter hardiness.

Mountain-loving snowberry, his homeland is the western part of North America. Under natural conditions, it grows in mountain forests, at altitudes reaching 2700 meters above sea level.

The mountain-loving snowberry is a shrub that does not exceed 1.5 meters in height. The plant grows from late April to late October, has an average growth rate, begins to bloom and bears fruit from the age of three. Flowering is observed on average for 50 days. The first fruits begin to ripen in September. The shrub has an average winter hardiness.

Snowberry low (Chenot) is a hybrid descendant of the rounded snowberry, characterized by dense pubescence and small sharp leaves reaching 2.5 centimeters in length and pinkish fruits with white barrels. The only drawback is poor frost resistance.

Requirements for the place of growth

First of all, it is necessary to find out the degree of winter hardiness of the plant. It should be noted that in our area the most suitable species is the white snowberry. As for the pink-fruited snowberry, they still feel bad in our conditions, warmer regions are more suitable for them. Apparently. these species lack a warm period for the shoots to fully mature and form buds. Otherwise, all types of snowberries are very unpretentious and can grow even on stony, calcareous soils, in partial shade and do not require watering at all.

Reproduction

Snowberries reproduce quite simply. Basically, experts use the following methods for this - by seeds, green cuttings, suckers (root) and dividing the bushes.

So, let's start with the simplest way to propagate a snowberry - by sowing seeds. Immediately after harvesting fully ripe fruits (in autumn), seeds are sown in the ground, in pots or boxes (the latter is best). They are not closed deeply, it is better to cover them with sawdust or dry autumn leaves. Boxes and pots of sown seeds are taken out into the open air and left for the winter. Already in the spring (in most species of snowberry) shoots appear, which grow very intensively, reaching a height of one meter in the third year and begin to bloom.

The next, more difficult way of reproduction is by dividing the bush. Since the snowberry is a highly overgrown shrub, it can be divided into several independent plants. To do this, an adult plant must completely (while maintaining the maximum integrity of the root system) dig up their soil and carefully, sharply sharpened shears, divide into three or four parts. Separated plants are best planted immediately in the ground and watered abundantly.

Another type of snowberry breeding is by root suckers. Its essence lies in the digging and separation of root suckers from the mother plant and planting them in a new place. It is better to do this operation in the fall, when the plants are dormant, and cut off the planted plants obtained in this way, leaving no more than 2-3 buds above the soil level, which contributes to the tillering of the plant.

And, perhaps, the most difficult method of propagation is the method of green cuttings. Its essence is as follows: in June, still non-lignified shoots are cut and divided into cuttings 10-12 centimeters long, all leaves, with the exception of the apical ones, are removed, and the cuttings themselves are planted in a greenhouse in a special soil mixture consisting of river (namely river) sand, humus and drainage (which is suitable for expanded clay).

Expanded clay (or other drainage) is laid on the bottom of the garden bed in the greenhouse and covered from above with a mixture of humus and river sand. Cuttings are planted in this mixture, they should be buried no more than 2-3 centimeters. It should be noted that for full-fledged rhizogenesis (formation of roots), cuttings need timely watering. On farms in greenhouses, this is achieved with the help of special installations with timers that supply water at a strictly defined time through spray nozzles that create a "fog" effect in the greenhouse.

At home, this effect can be achieved by building a low, small greenhouse and covering it with a film with a "tint" that practically does not let the sun's rays through, without creating a "glass" effect, and watering the cuttings in hot weather at least once every two or three hours. Rooted cuttings are carefully dug up in the fall and planted in a cut in a well-prepared, loosened and fertilized open ground for "growing". Next fall, the seedlings are ready for digging and transplanting to a permanent place or for sale.

Using the Snowberry

Due to the fact that snowberries tolerate pruning well, after which the shoots grow well, and also form dense large bushes from root suckers, they are often used to create a dense and elegant hedge or for borders.

In combination with tall shrubs or trees with dark green foliage (such as hawthorn), as well as with conifers, they form beautiful contrasting groups. Among other things, snowberry plants belong to the group of the most smoke and gas resistant plants, and are also wonderful honey plants.

The fruits of snowberries, about which so much has been said in this article, are not edible and can only be used as an element of decor, they have an unpleasant taste, but, despite this, waxwings are very willing to choose seeds from them in winter.

Nikolay Khromov,
Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Researcher,
department of berry crops GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurina, member of the R&D Academy


General description of the variety

Rudbeckia Cherry brandy is a rhizome perennial, although it is often grown from seed as an annual. The height of the stems of this plant is about 50 cm. The size of the inflorescences is up to 15 cm. The marginal buds are in burgundy-colored baskets, with darker tips and a light center.

Photo of rudbeckia buds (photo)

The basal and stem leaves of this plant are different. The first ones are solid, ovoid and form a lush rosette. The second are pinnately dissected, sessile. The flowering period for this variety is quite long, on average it lasts from the end of June until frost.

Rudbeckia of this variety is very suitable for cutting. Since it has the ability to long-term preservation in a cut form.


What is a snowberry

So well-known to everyone, the name - snowberry - arose due to the white color of the fruits, which cover the bushes as if with snow.

Snowberry (or snowfield) - graceful deciduous shrub from 1 to 3 m in height. The fruits of the snowberry are numerous, white, pinkish, red-coral (in the coral snowberry), or black (in the Chinese snowberry), small or large enough, stay on the plant for a long time. Blooms snowberry in June with inconspicuous flowers, which are partially hidden under the foliage.

Snowberry is an excellent honey plant. Plants are decorative, first of all, for their fruits, the rest of the external signs can be called modest. However, the snowberry is highly prized as an undemanding and resilient shrub that has versatile applications.

Growing conditions

Snowberry undemanding to growing conditions, tolerates various soil conditions, grows even on poor substrates, as well as on stony, calcareous soils easily adapts. The snowberry will feel good both in illuminated areas and in partial shade.

Snowberry white also tolerates strong shading. Plants are drought-resistant, frost-resistant, withstand the conditions of the city. However, they are sensitive to wetting and therefore require drainage. Species with large, not white, fruits are not winter-hardy in the conditions of Central Russia.

Application

Many gardeners often overlook snowberry (snowfield), although the plant is very unpretentious, easy to grow and will look great in a summer cottage. The snowberry is used as a tapeworm, planted in hedges, curbs, mixed plantings, planted in groups on the lawn. Snowberries can also be used to fuel trees.


Himalayan geranium or large-flowered is a flowering rhizome perennial. It is rarely found in gardens. Can be used as a groundcover for curbs or terraces.

Lat. Geranium himalayense (photo)

This plant is characterized by low branched stems, the height of which ranges from 20 to 30 cm. The leaves of this species are five-lobed, their diameter is about 10 cm. The flowers are large, up to 5 cm in diameter, purple with a blue tint and reddish veins.

Each peduncle has 2 buds. The flowers have a pleasant scent. The flowering period of this species lasts from late May to mid-September.


Catalog of decorative frost-resistant shrubs for Siberia, the Urals, Moscow region

In landscape design, decorative shrubs can be used for single plantings (tapeworms), for zoning a site, for masking unsightly areas and buildings, for the background of a flower garden, flower beds, beds, for hedges, for multi-level decorative compositions, to create an alpine slide, rockery.

Thus, all ornamental shrubs can perform an exclusively aesthetic function, picturesquely decorating the territory of the garden, or they can perform a specific function, for example, divide the garden into functional zones, play the role of a hedge, a border.

Let's look at what beautiful and unpretentious frost-resistant shrubs exist that can be grown without any problems in the Middle Lane (Moscow region), Siberia, the Urals, the Leningrad region and other regions with cold winters.

Barberry Thunberg

Barberry Thunberg is able to decorate the garden all year round. Depending on the variety, the leaves of an ornamental shrub can be colored red, yellow or bright green, but in the fall they acquire a picturesque red or purple hue. Very decorative flowers and berries of the plant, which remain on the bush until the new growing season (example in the photo below). The average plant height is about 1-1.2 meters.

Barberry Thunberg looks very impressive in various landscape solutions, for example, in an alpine slide, in the background of a flower garden, border plantings and many others. An ornamental deciduous shrub is distinguished by good frost resistance, drought resistance, disease resistance, while undemanding to the soil.

Hydrangea

The most winter-hardy types of hydrangea are paniculate (in the photo on the left) and tree-like (on the right).

A flowering perennial shrub is generally unpretentious, but needs certain growing conditions: the planting site should be shady (ideally when the sun hits the plant in the morning and evening, in the rest of the daytime it is in the shade), with moist and acidic soil. The average height of a hydrangea is 1.5-2 meters.

An ornamental flowering shrub looks great both in single plantings and with neighbors, for example, with hosts, astilbe, boxwood, ferns.

Lilac

Beautiful lilacs are familiar to almost all gardeners and summer residents. A wonderful, bright aroma of a flowering shrub and its decorative, picturesque flower brushes in May can leave few people indifferent.

Lilac can be called one of the most unpretentious flowering ornamental shrubs. Its advantages are undemandingness, winter hardiness, spectacular appearance. The culture looks best in single plantings, for example, near a fence, house or other building. The tall shrub has an average height of 4-5 meters, but undersized varieties can also be found.

The place for growing should be sunny, in terms of soils, the culture is undemanding, but the main thing is that the soil is not swampy. In terms of care, only the removal of faded inflorescences, forming pruning, removal of root shoots is required.

Chubushnik

Chubushnik (the second name is Garden jasmine) is loved by many because of its amazing, delicate, sophisticated aroma.The name "garden jasmine" is not obtained for nothing, because the aromas of plants are really similar to something, but jasmine and mock orange are different plants. Average height is 1.5-2 meters.

In addition to the beautiful flowering, the leaves of variegated varieties are highly decorative. Garden jasmine will be a wonderful decoration of the site for any landscape solutions. Resistant to frost, diseases, pests.

An unpretentious and beautiful decorative flowering shrub can grow in almost any conditions, but it reaches its greatest decorative effect in sunny and bright locations, on fertile, loose soil without stagnant water.

Forsythia

A unique feature of forsythia (there is another name - Forsythia): first the bush blooms, and then it releases leaves. By the way, the flowering of forsythia is beautiful, during this period (approximately in March, April) it is covered with yellow flowers, due to which the plant adorns the garden with a bright yellow spot.

Plant height varies from 1 to 3 meters. Forsythia is a frost-resistant ornamental shrub that can be grown in the Moscow region, Siberia, the Urals, the Leningrad region and other regions with cold winters. However, in such cases, it is recommended to additionally cover it with spruce branches for the winter.

It is best to plant forsythia on a plot of a private house or in a country house in a sunny place with dry soil that has slightly alkaline or neutral acidity.

Spirea

Spirea is a wonderful ornamental shrub that will beautifully fit into any location on the backyard. Depending on the variety, the crop can bloom in spring or summer. Also, a culture can have a different form of inflorescence: there are spherical, umbellate, paniculate inflorescences. Spirea flowers can have a pleasant pink, cream, white, crimson hue. Spirea leaves are also decorative. The average height of the spirea is 1.5 meters.

Spirea normally tolerates drought in summer, frosts in winter, does not impose special requirements on the soil and place of cultivation. However, it is best to plant it in a sunny location.

Bloodroot

Cinquefoil has another name "Kuril tea". An interesting shrub is especially beautiful during the flowering period, which lasts quite a long time. Flowers in terms of color can be white, pink, yellow, red, orange. The crown of the plant is spherical. Height can vary from 40 to 100 centimeters, that is, there are undersized and medium-sized shrub varieties.

Ideal growing conditions for Potentilla in the garden: a place with nutritious, well-drained, loose, nutritious, slightly acidic soil. In terms of lighting, full-fledged lighting is optimal in the morning, and shading at noon.

Bubble

Bubbles is a highly decorative, beautiful garden plant. In addition to its showiness, the bush can be called very unpretentious and frost-resistant. Does not lose its decorative effect during the entire growing season. Looks very nice as a hedge. The shrub height varies from 1 to 3 meters.

It is recommended to grow a deciduous crop in a vegetable garden in a sunny area (or at least with light partial shade), on nutritious, loose, cultivated land.

Snowberry

Snowberry is an ornamental shrub that is interesting primarily for its berries. Without them, he looks pretty unremarkable. White or light pink berries appear in the fall (and persist in winter), therefore, it is in the autumn and winter that the snowberry is able to decorate your garden. The average height is 120-150 centimeters.

The culture is unpretentious to the soil, but reaches the greatest decorative effect on loose, fertile soil. An elegant plant looks beautiful as a hedge or in a group planting with other ornamental shrubs.

Derain

Derain is able to enchant with its beauty in summer, autumn and winter. In summer, a pleasant green color (if the plant is variegated, then the leaves will be bordered), in the fall - they acquire a reddish-crimson color, and in winter - the bark without leaves has a bright coral color and looks quite elegant.

The cold hardy shrub is a fast growing plant. It can grow up to 3 meters in height. In general, decorative turf is very undemanding, unpretentious to care, able to tolerate frost, cold, extreme heat normally. The following types are popular:

  • blood-red dogwood (also called blood-red dogwood)

  • canadian derain - ground cover ornamental shrub.

The shrub is a unique decoration of the garden, which can be used in a variety of ways to decorate and decorate the garden, creating interesting compositions. Having planted any of the listed shrubs, you do not have to worry that it will freeze over the winter, and you can enjoy the beauty of the plant for a long time.


Honeysuckle root system

Honeysuckle is located close to the surface. The foliage of the honeysuckle is opposite. As a rule, they are uniform in shape, all-edged, or with a wavy edge, elliptical or oval. The top of the leaf is pointed or rounded, less often pointed.

Honeysuckle flowers are honey-bearing and have a scent. Honeysuckles have species with yellow, cream, white, crimson and pink flowers.

Flowers of climbing honeysuckle species are collected in capitate inflorescences, usually without pedicels. The inflorescences are surrounded by oval or round discs formed by the accretion of leaves.

Honeysuckle berries are red, orange, blue or black. These are berries with very small seeds.

In edible varieties of honeysuckle, the berries are dark blue, variable in shape.

Even for the most novice gardeners, honeysuckle is an ideal tree species: it can delight with flowering and vitality, tolerates dryness, and an urban climate.


Watch the video: Working on Indian snowberry


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