It is not very easy to save carrots until the next harvest, but it is possible. The root crop has a very thin peel, through which pathogens can easily penetrate, therefore, careful preparation of carrots for storage and compliance with the conditions are mandatory.
Not all varieties of carrots are stored for a long time, but a dormant one should also ripen well: you should remove carrots carefully and on time.
There are a huge number of varieties of carrots, and the list grows every year. Perhaps, you should not try to save only early ripening ones until spring, although there are exceptions here. Among mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties, you can choose to your taste, but traditionally gardeners sow the most famous ones, such as Moscow winter, Nantes, Shantane, etc.
Carrots of Nantes ripen relatively early, but they are stored well.
It is difficult to name the optimal time for harvesting root crops, but they try to keep the carrots in the ground longer: it is in the fall that there is an intensive accumulation of sugars, and a few light frosts only improve the taste. In case of prolonged rains, you should not postpone harvesting, even if it is only mid-September outside.
The yellowing of the lower leaves indicates the readiness of the root crops for harvesting. If you pull out a couple of pieces, you can see white threadlike roots on ripe specimens: it means it's time to dig out the harvest. But small specimens should not be stored, they are used first of all.
The tops of carrots are cut immediately after digging, cutting with a knife or twisting, leaving only pieces of no more than 1–2 cm. It is believed that carrots cannot be washed before storage, you just need to dry them slightly to remove the soil residues. If you store carrots in boxes with sand or piles, this is correct, but in recent years, more and more gardeners are doing differently.
I myself have been using this popular method for a long time. Having cut off the tops, not only carefully wash the roots, but also, after drying them, cut off both the tail and the remnants of the tops from 4–6 mm of the carrot head with a clean knife. I put the harvest in small plastic bags and, having closed them loosely, take them to the cellar. Stored until the next harvest.
If the tops are cut along with the head, such carrots can only be stored thoroughly washed.
The best temperature when storing carrots is 0 ... + 2 aboutС, air humidity - not less than 90%. Ventilation of the storage, at least periodically, must be carried out without fail. In sanitary terms, the requirements for a cellar for storing carrots are more stringent than, for example, for potatoes: in addition to the usual cleaning, disinfection of the room is also necessary. It can consist in whitewashing the walls and shelves with slaked lime and fumigating the room with a sulfur stick.
If we neglect the creation of these conditions, it is unlikely that it will be possible to preserve the carrots until the new harvest. The storage itself, in addition to the marked method (in packages of 2-3 kg), is possible in any other container, the following methods are the most popular:
Storing carrots without filler is possible only under ideal conditions for temperature and humidity.
Clay shell reliably prevents drying out of root crops
The last method is one of the most reliable, but not easy. After bathing the roots in clay diluted with water, they are laid out to dry, and then placed in any convenient container.
You can save carrots until the new harvest only if they are carefully prepared and the necessary conditions are created in the cellar. It is not so difficult, but it requires accuracy and careful execution of all operations.
Despite the fact that today you can buy carrots and beets at any store, many gardeners prefer to grow these vegetables on their plots. It's just that root crops are obtained as environmentally friendly products, because chemistry is not used in the gardens.
But the grown crop must be saved in order to treat yourself to delicious juicy root crops in the cold winter, making salads and other goodies out of them. How Russians store carrots and beets in the cellar, what advice do they offer to novice gardeners. This is what will be discussed in our article.
It is not so difficult to grow beets and carrots on the site, subject to agrotechnical practices. The main thing is to preserve the harvested crop. Root crops are harvested in the ripeness phase, when a dense skin is formed on the vegetables, which protects the pulp from damage. During this time, large amounts of nutrients accumulate in beets and carrots.
After harvesting, carrots are sent to the cellar, basement, storage room. Like other vegetables, it is constantly undergoing various biochemical processes, and physicochemical changes also occur. Knowing how to properly preserve carrots for the winter, you need to choose and provide savings conditions aimed at reducing the adverse impact of these changes.
From a nutritional point of view, it is important to keep the ingredients in carrots for which they are valued. It:
Poor storage conditions accelerate the loss of valuable ingredients.
The changes that occur during storage in the texture of carrots are significant. They depend on:
Incorrect conditions quickly cause adverse changes:
The above factors are also associated with the problem of microbiological safety and the relationship between storage conditions and the development of diseases in carrots caused by unwanted microorganisms.
How to store carrots for the winter? Among the methods that are intended for storing carrots, each gardener will find his own, most preferable for him. But first, you need to prepare for this and decide when and how to remove carrots from the garden for storage, adhering to the correct technology. First, we decide on the timing of cleaning.
Despite the fact that this root crop can withstand small frosts, it should not be overexposed in the garden. However, harvesting vegetables too early reduces the consumer qualities of the root crop, preventing it from gaining a sufficient amount of sugars.
And vice versa - too long stay in the garden makes it possible to accumulate sugars in large quantities, which makes the root crop very attractive to rodents during further storage.
Therefore, harvesting should be scheduled at a time when the lower 2-3 tops of the tops began to acquire a yellow color - such roots already have good consumer qualities, but will be the least attractive to pests.
Before harvesting, for several days, the garden with root crops is not watered, and when digging, they use a pitchfork that has blunt teeth - this way you will avoid damaging the vegetables.
From this stage, the preparation of carrots begins before storing for the winter. You should not clean carrots from clods of soil by hitting root crops against each other, this entails damage to vegetables and reduces their shelf life.
Cooling root crops immediately after digging is equally important. This usually happens for 1-2 days, until the temperature of vegetable products drops by +1.5 degrees.
Timely cooling increases the efficiency of the preservation of root crops.
You can cool in the air if the outside temperature is low enough. But at the same time, it is necessary to monitor the presence of frost so that the temperature of the root crops does not drop below 0 degrees - the frozen vegetables will rot. Cooling in the refrigerator compartment gives a good result, if possible.
Usually, it is enough to stand at the outside temperature for a time when the vegetables are dried, cleaned of soil clods and the tops are trimmed.
Processing carrots before storage consists in the fact that first the tops are trimmed as close as possible to the head of the root crop. This type of pruning allows you to remove buds that can later grow. Immediately lay out the roots to dry, and then clean them of the ground with your hands, being careful not to damage them.
After that, root crops are sorted, separating good, healthy specimens from damaged ones and having various defects. Some vegetable growers also use such a method of cutting tops as cutting 0.5-1 cm of the top of the root crop itself.
If this method is used, then the vegetables should be allowed to stand for some time before laying in the main storage location - until the top cut is covered with a crust. Otherwise, the roots will start to rot soon.
Rejected specimens can be processed and stored in a form already prepared for further use. How to keep carrots for the winter? To do this, use the following methods:
Each of these methods will allow the storage of ready-to-eat root crops for a long time, allowing you to preserve all the nutritional qualities of vegetables, although it requires a lot of labor and additional space in the apartment.
Good quality specimens that have no visible defects are stored in a variety of ways.
How to store carrots? Ways to store carrots for the winter:
Depending on what area a vegetable grower has for organizing storage, a place is chosen. How to store carrots for the winter?
Read more about ways to store carrots for a long time both in the cellar and without it, as well as which varieties are better suited for this, read here.
Carrots retain their beneficial properties with proper care and supervision. There are many options for where and how to store carrots in winter (optimally in the cellar), the 8 best ways to store root crops, identified during the practice of many generations of agricultural technicians, are presented below.
May be stored in a box covered with sawdust. First you need to cover the bottom with them, then put them in a box in layers, alternating between carrots and coniferous sawdust.
With the help of sawdust, carrots can be stored not only in the box, but also in the ground. The technology is complex: the fruits are covered with sand, onion husks and sawdust to maintain the optimum temperature.
Before sending the box to the cellar, it must be well cleaned. For disinfection purposes, a lime solution (slaked) is used.
The sawdust contains a large amount of phytoncides, which minimize the possibility of infection of the root crop with a fungus, and also protect it from germination.
You will need a large enamel cookware (ideally a saucepan). The carrots are collected, washed, dried, disposed of from the foliage - brought to a standard storage condition.
Then it is placed in a container, covered with a towel and covered with a lid.
It is better to lower the pan into the basement and keep it there during the storage period.
Roughly similar to the sawdust storage method. The harvest is sorted into boxes, the husks of garlic and onions are poured inside.
An exclusive method of wintering carrots is in the turf (earthen bed) where it was grown. For high-quality preservation for the winter period, the carrot tops are cut off, and the bed is covered with a layer of coarse sand and pressed tightly with a film on top.
To insulate the ridge, sawdust, fallen leaves, a peat pillow or humus are used. This is followed by a layer of roofing material for protection from the wind.
Clay is diluted with water to a liquid state. You can let the solution brew for a day, then mix with a new portion of water. Repeat the procedure for several days until it thickens into a creamy consistency.
After that, a film is lined on the bottom of the container, the carrots are laid out in layers and evenly poured with clay solution. Each next layer is applied as the previous ones dry. Fill the box to the end in the same way.
It is possible not to pour, but to dip the vegetables in a garlic-clay solution. This will form a thin natural film that protects against spoilage and decay. Carrots can not be washed, but immediately dipped into the mixture. Then leave to dry in a dark, dry place. Place already dried carrots covered with a protective layer of clay and garlic in boxes for the winter.
To prepare the solution, the garlic must be passed through a meat grinder, mixed with water and shaken. When pouring, make sure that the vegetables do not come into contact with each other.
Required: polyethylene bags from 5 to 30 kg. Root crops emit carbon dioxide into the atmosphere during storage. It is better to put bags tightly next to each other.
Open bags prevent diseases, rotting, and maintain the required moisture level. Do not tie bags, otherwise there will be insufficient oxygen and product deterioration will occur.
When storing root vegetables in closed bags, it is imperative to make holes for air circulation to remove excess moisture.
It should be remembered when choosing a storage location that carrots are best stored in a cool room, with a humidity of at least 90%.
For the best method for storing carrots in the cellar, check out these methods:
Carrots are carefully placed in such boxes or boxes, closed with lids and put into the cellar at some distance from the walls. Condensation often accumulates on the walls, which should not penetrate into the boxes. Do not put boxes on the floor, but on some kind of stand. The boxes must be solid, without perforation.
With such a compact way of storing carrots, a fairly rich harvest can be placed in the cellar. But one box of carrots should not contain more than 20 kg.
Onion hulls, which are produced in large quantities when peeling onions, are an excellent preserving substance. It can be used to fill large bags, placing carrots in the same place, shifting the husk to each layer of vegetables. Tied bags can be stored in the cellar.
They can also be used to sprinkle carrots for long-term storage. This is one of the ways to store carrots in your apartment. The phytoncides contained in the needles save carrots from rot. Carrots sprinkled with needles can be put in wooden boxes or other containers.
In the cellar, sawdust can be poured on an even place, spread vegetables on them and top with the next layer of sawdust. But you should not put them directly on the floor or close to the walls.
In this case, in the cellar, sand is poured on a shelf with a thick layer, then a row of carrots is laid out, which is again covered with sand (it is better to take sand not river, but loamy). The next row of root crops is placed with an offset - in a checkerboard pattern, then sand again. Root crops should not be in contact with each other.
And so on, until the pyramid reaches a height of the order of a meter.
The sand for this purpose must be slightly damp. If it dries up, then it periodically needs to be moistened with a spray bottle so that the carrots do not dry out - this is especially important to consider when answering the question of how to store carrots at home in winter.
In addition, it is recommended that it be sieved and calcined beforehand.
This is a rather dirty way of storing, but very effective. It can be used if in the cellar, despite all efforts, the carrots continue to rot. Before laying it in a cellar in a bucket of water, you need to dilute the clay to obtain a homogeneous flowing mass. Each carrot should be dipped into this suspension and then dried. You get a clay-glazed carrot. In this form, it can be lowered into the cellar, where it can be laid out in baskets or boxes without closing the lid.
They cannot be called the best way, but if there is no other way, then the dried vegetables must be packed in this container and also lowered into the cellar. There, put them on a stand or shelf, make several holes in the bottom of each bag through which condensate will flow. No need to tie bags.
Video on how to prepare and store carrots in bags:
Slightly damp, clean sand can be mixed with chalk powder and poured into a tight wooden box. Stick the carrots into this mixture in the same way as it grows, and sprinkle on top. Chalk prevents the growth of bacteria, gives it the opportunity to remain tasty and fresh for a long time.
Shelf life of fresh carrots:
1.In a cellar in the sand. This type of storage is probably the most common among cellar owners. Sand can be poured directly onto the floor of the cellar and roots can be buried in it, so that they are completely hidden under the sand.
And the presence of wooden boxes will give more chances to preserve the presentation of carrots until a new crop appears. If the sand is not poured on the floor, but in wooden boxes and carrots are immersed in these boxes, it will winter well.
2.In coniferous sawdust in boxes. In dry wooden boxes, about three centimeters thick, sawdust of coniferous trees, pine or spruce can be poured. Root crops are tightly laid in the sawdust, standing like soldiers, but with the tops down, and the voids are covered with the same sawdust, again, a layer of sawdust up to three centimeters is poured on top. Sawdust is an excellent antiseptic, they will protect carrots from decay and mold, keep them from drying out.
Carrots packed in this way can be stored on insulated balconies, but only if the temperature there does not drop below zero degrees, and best of all, in a dry basement or in a cellar.
3.In clay in boxes.Each root vegetable is dipped in a clay solution, and when the clay on the carrots dries out, it is put in wooden or cardboard boxes. The boxes are sent to storage places - in the basement or in the cellar. The protective clay layer promotes good storage of vegetables.
4.In sugar bags in the basement. No more than three buckets of carrots are poured into each sugar bag. You can still sprinkle some wood or grass ash on top of the carrots - this is for disinfection. After that, the top of the bag is folded up and stored in an underground or basement, or in another cool place. In this way, the carrots can be preserved until the next harvest.
5.In a box and in the sand without a basement and cellar. How to keep a good harvest of carrots in an apartment? Try one simple method: cover the bottom of the box with a layer of sand and put each root vegetable in it, top up, at a distance of two centimeters from each other. Fill the voids with sand and add a small layer on top.
Now take and lightly dampen the top layer of sand with spray water. Place a box of carrots in the coolest place in your apartment or on an insulated loggia. Make sure that during storage, the top layer of sand does not dry out, sometimes spray it with water.
6.In plastic bags in the refrigerator. Many people store carrots like this: they wash them thoroughly, cut off their poppies, dry them, and then put them in new plastic bags. The bags are tied tightly and placed in the vegetable compartments of the refrigerator.
Washed carrots can also be stored in dry cellars or underground. If there are a lot of carrots, then they can be washed, trimmed, dried and loaded into large thick plastic bags. These bags need to be tied tightly and lowered under the floor.
7.In the freezer camera. Before sending to the freezer, the carrots are washed, peeled and grated. Then, in small portions, they are placed in small plastic bags and frozen. It is very convenient. Carrots prepared in this way can be added to salads and soups, after defrosting. In this way, you can save not only large and beautiful carrots, but also all unconditioned ones.