Standard tomatoes are a new and increasingly popular variety of tomatoes. Among their fellows, they also stand out for their compact bush - there is no need to tie up such a bush. Their root system is also compact, which makes it possible to get a good harvest even if the plantings are thickened. Summer residents are paying more and more attention to this species and begin to cultivate it on their plots.
Standard varieties are considered to be those varieties of tomatoes that have a thick and stable stem, do not require pinching and look like a miniature tree. Their roots lie close to the surface and are very compact, like the plants themselves. This makes it possible to plant almost twice as many plants in the same area, compared to conventional varieties, and significantly increase the yield.
Standard varieties do not curl and do not need additional supports. However, under the weight of their own fruits, they can lie on the ground. This has no effect on further growth and development. Plants are resistant to weather changes, do not require additional care.
When choosing a variety, it is imperative to take into account the zoning, since these tomatoes grow mainly in open ground and the ripening time for each region must be taken into account.
Standard tomatoes are successfully grown even by novice summer residents and gardeners, with practically no experience and practical skills in growing tomatoes. This is not surprising, because the varieties are unpretentious, and in comparison with their usual counterparts, they have significant advantages. These include:
It is thanks to these advantages that standard tomatoes are successfully grown both by summer residents and gardeners, and by farmers at a professional level. Breeders, on the other hand, present to their attention many varieties that differ both in color and shape of the fruit, and in taste.
Despite the wide variety of varieties of standard tomatoes, the following managed to earn the greatest popularity.
It is represented by plants with both red and yellow fruits. Zoned for almost all regions, fruits ripen 95 days after germination. Fruits are cylindrical, medium in size. Perfect for both preservation and fresh consumption.
Refers to standard tomatoes, but the height of the bush sometimes reaches 1 meter. Suitable for growing both outdoors and protected. Mid-season variety with yellow fruits weighing up to 100 grams. The pulp is very firm and tasty. Good for pickling and preserving.
The Antoshka variety is perfectly adapted to low temperatures, which makes it possible to grow it even in a harsh climate.
It belongs to very early varieties, the fruits begin to ripen already 90 days after germination. Tomatoes are very fruitful, the height of the bush is about half a meter. The fruits are distinguished by an unusual cylindrical shape with a very dense pulp. Well suited for fresh consumption and for making ketchup.
A mid-season variety with increased resistance to late blight. It is recommended to grow in seedlings. The fruit is very fleshy and resistant to cracking. Their shape is oval, somewhat elongated. The weight of one fruit can reach 60 grams. The yield is high.
Low-growing variety for open ground. The fruits ripen together, but rather late (100 days after germination). Resistant to late blight and root rot. Fruits weighing up to 80 grams have excellent taste. Their purpose is universal.
"The Far North" is a very productive variety, up to 17 kg of fruit can be harvested from one square meter of land.
This type of tomato for seedlings is sown according to the same principle as ordinary ones. There are no particular differences in this procedure. The only thing is that they stretch less and do not bend under the weight of the leaves.
For sowing seeds, a light soil is selected that will allow air to pass through well and not accumulate excess moisture. Previously, it is calcined in a preheated oven for 15 minutes, after cooling it is poured into a prepared container. Next, small grooves are made and the seeds are carefully laid out. At the end, the crops are sprinkled with a layer of soil, covered with glass or polyethylene and placed in a well-lit place. Seedlings are looked after in the same way as for ordinary tomatoes.
Tomatoes in the garden are planted at a distance of 25-35 cm from each other. In the row spacing, a distance of 50-60 cm is made. In order for the bushes to be neat and compact, they do not need to be watered heavily. Also, do not be zealous with fertilizers, in particular with nitrogen fertilizers.
Standard tomatoes do not require increased maintenance. Watering should be done as the top ball of the soil dries up. Their root system is located close to the surface, so excessive watering should be excluded. Periodically, you need to loosen the soil so that it is well ventilated and excess moisture can evaporate without problems.
The mainstay of tomato care is weed and pest control. To this end, you need to regularly remove weeds, as well as mulch the soil. It will help retain moisture in hot weather, but it will also prevent weeds from growing. In order to prevent the spread of fungal diseases, it is advisable to carry out treatment with fungicidal preparations. Treatment of plants with Bordeaux mixture has proven itself very effective.
This species practically does not need feeding and fertilizers, especially nitrogen fertilizers. If their number is abundant, then the bush will grow too much, and the green mass will grow more than it should be.
This is fraught with a decrease in yield. If the soil on the site is depleted and does not bear fruit well, then you can use available organic fertilizers.
Many gardeners have already come across personal experience with the cultivation of standard tomatoes. They already have a definite opinion, which they willingly share with colleagues.
Vladimir Vasilievich, pensioner: “I have recently been growing standard tomatoes. A neighbor in the country advised me to try. So far I have found only positive aspects for myself in them. Perfect for preservation, salads. I grow a variety of Buyan with yellow fruits and a Shuttle. "
Anna Georgievna, summer resident: “Standard tomatoes have interested me for a long time. Initially, I grew them on the balcony (Snegirek variety), and then planted them in the country. For the dacha I chose the varieties Antoshka and Buyan. The yield is high, the taste of the fruit is simply excellent... The whole family is very happy! "
Victoria Denisovna, summer resident: “I heard praise from neighbors about standard tomatoes and decided to try growing them on my site. I must say, I expected a better result. The selected variety turned out to be insufficiently resistant to diseases, so it was barely possible to harvest the crop. Now I think, is it worth experimenting for the next season ... ".
Larisa Petrovna, summer resident: “My son bought the seedlings of standard tomatoes for me on the advice of the seller. The woman convinced that with minimal care we would still have the harvest. I want to say that she did not deceive. For health reasons, I can no longer pay due attention to the garden, but standard tomatoes still delighted our family with a wonderful harvest. It is a pity that my son did not remember the name of the variety, but now I collect the seeds myself! "
Victor Sergeevich, summer resident: “On TV I saw a program about standard varieties of tomatoes and decided to try growing them on my site during the summer season. Seedlings of the variety "Shuttle" grew independently. The plot is small, so the plants had to be planted quite densely. Even so, they gave a good harvest. There was no particular trouble with leaving, but all season we ate wonderful tomatoes, and we were also engaged in conservation! ".
Standard tomato varieties have proven themselves very well. They are unpretentious, give good yields, fruits have excellent taste and marketability. Even novice summer residents can grow these plants. That is why now they are preferred not only by amateurs, but also by professionals.
Standard tomatoes are a fairly new variety of vegetable crops, represented by undersized plants. Their compact crown and root system allow you to get a high yield from a small area due to planting in open ground twice as many bushes as compared to conventional varieties. In addition, in order to realize the main characteristic of the group (high yield), it is not required to make significant efforts to grow tomatoes: they do not need pinching, tying.
Determinant standard tomatoes are early ripening vegetables. Due to the accelerated growing cycle, they are less susceptible to diseases and pest attacks (but this does not mean at all that you can relax and not take any preventive measures). Due to its compactness, it can be easily grown in greenhouses, tunnels with film cover, at home on loggias and window sills.
Benefits of standard tomatoes:
In addition to those listed above, there are still many different varieties of standard tomatoes, for example, "Moskvich", "Sibiryachok", "Chaika", "Betta", "Flash", "Chio-chio-san" and "Pink Leader". This means that every gardener has the opportunity to choose exactly the one that matches his ideas about taste, shape, color, etc.
A summer resident who decides to grow standard tomatoes has the right to choose from the variety that modern breeders represent. The best views are presented below.
An important selection criterion is the yield per plant. The higher the yield, the better the variety will be in demand.
They are unpretentious in care, if you do not deal with them, the harvest will still be excellent.
The bushes are low, reaching 45 cm. They ripen early, after 3 months the first vegetables ripen, the weight of which is 110-130 g. The yield per plant is 1.5-2 kg.
Plants do not exceed 30 cm in size. Proper care allows you to get fruits weighing 150-160 g. Tomatoes are red, tasty. They are used universally. It is easy to look after them, there is no need to pinch and tie them up.
Refers to early tomato varieties. The first fruits are removed after 75 days. Plant care is minimal, undemanding to the soil. They have an average resistance to diseases of the culture. Bushes 0.5 m high.From 1 plant, 2 kg of fruits are harvested, the weight of one does not exceed 50 g.
They are in demand among summer residents. The advantage of these species is that they ripen at the same time. Vegetables suitable for canning are rolled up in one go.
Due to the available positive characteristics, they are used for planting on an industrial scale. Plant height 1.15 m. Fruits, with proper care, reach a weight of 160 g. They are used for any method of cooking, canning and much more.
Semi-determinate tomato species. The height of the shoots is 1.7 m. When caring for plants, it is recommended to tie them to supports, since the fruits are heavy. When the requirements of agricultural technology are met, the weight of the fruits reaches 0.5-0.7 kg. The yield from 1 plant is 3 kg.
A common hybrid that summer residents appreciate for especially large fruits, reaching 1 kg. Plant care consists in a garter of brushes. They break off under the weight of the tomatoes. Plants are resistant to common crop diseases.
Standard varieties are no less in demand among vegetable growers, which are suitable for growing in the garden beds without the formation of any shelters.
Such varieties do not require a lot of strength when growing from a summer resident. It is enough to carry out agricultural techniques in a timely manner.
Tomatoes are unpretentious to care for. The weight of a tomato barely reaches 70 g. The yield per plant is 2.5 kg. Fruits ripen on the 100th day after germination.
The positive quality of the variety is its resistance to common crop diseases.
The second name of the species is Fighter. There are 2 varieties, the fruits of one type are red, the other is yellow. They differ in taste. It grows up to 45 cm. One plant, with proper care, gives 5 kg of tomatoes. They weigh 75 g. Resist bacterial diseases.
The bush grows up to 0.45 m. 1 kg of fruit is harvested from 1 bush. The variety is resistant to late blight, does not require a garter and the formation of bushes. The density of tomatoes allows them to be transported over long distances without losing their presentation and taste.
Fruits ripen 3 months after the first shoots appear. The tomatoes are medium-sized, red, weighing 70 g. The taste is sweet. Bushes grow up to 0.5 m.
The bush reaches 1 m. Ripening occurs in 3 months. Tomatoes are large, yellow, round and very tasty. They do not acidify, are useful for dietary and baby food. Compliance with the requirements for cultivation and care allows you to get up to 6 kg from 1 bush. A garter to the supports is required.
Ready to eat one week earlier than early varieties. The size of an adult plant is 0.5 m, it does not require formation. Tomatoes are red, small in size, maximum 50 g. For this reason, 1 kg of fruit is harvested from 1 plant.
Among the positive qualities of the species are the following signs:
The first fruits ripen 3 months after planting the seeds.
Growing in greenhouses is the only possible way to plant crops in regions with risky farming. Therefore, summer residents select standard varieties suitable for growing in a greenhouse.
The size of an adult plant is 35 cm. Growing in seedlings is recommended. The first fruits appear after 85 days. Tomatoes are red, small, tasty. Used for all types of canning and fresh consumption.
An adult plant 5.5 m. Unpretentious bushes form and set fruit in the absence of moisture for a long time. This does not affect the yield. Red tomatoes weigh 130 g.
Large-fruited representative of standard determinant varieties. The vegetables are red, the weight ranges from 200 to 300 g. The height of adult plants is 0.5 m.
Tomatoes are large, red, weighing 0.2-0.3 kg. The skin is firm, so the tomatoes can be transported over long distances. On the bushes, the fruits do not crack. They are unpretentious in leaving, a garter to the supports at the request of the summer resident.
Low-growing varieties of tomatoes have their own advantage when growing. Since in some regions the crop is grown under a film cover, they benefit significantly compared to tall species.
The first tomatoes ripen 80-85 days after planting. Taste characteristics are excellent. The use is universal due to the small size of the fruit. They weigh 100 g.
Tomatoes grow large, 0.2 kg each. The bush is low, maximum 0.5-0.6 m. When optimal conditions are created, tomatoes are stored for several months. The grooming is standard, the garter is optional, the shaping is not required.
Bush 0.35 m, fruit 110 g. Red fruits have a standard taste and are used universally.
The positive quality of plants is the ability to form an ovary under unfavorable climatic conditions.
It grows up to 0.5 m. The first fruits ripen 3 months after planting. Red tomatoes weigh 110-130 g. The scope is wide. Plants are unpretentious in care.
For lovers of fresh tomatoes and salads, large-fruited species are the best solution. They are meaty, tasty, and healthy.
The bush is 0.7 m. Tomatoes weigh 100 g each, have a pepper-shaped, elongated shape. Used for canning as a whole. They are undemanding in leaving. Fulfillment of agrotechnical requirements allows you to collect up to 2.5 kg per plant.
The bush is 0.5-0.6 m in height. If the planting and care standards are observed, the size of the fruits reaches 90-100 g. The elongated shape allows you to use the whole fruit for canning.
Grows up to 0.5 m. Tomatoes are large, weight 300-350 g. The use of such fruits for cooking:
A very productive variety of tomatoes. The height of the bush depends on the number of fruits on the plant. Large red tomatoes, weight up to 1 kg. With proper care, 6 kg of vegetables are obtained from one plant.
The fruits of this variety are huge. The maximum weight of a tomato is 1.5 kg. The height of an adult plant is 60-140 cm. 6.5 kg of tomatoes are harvested from one plant. Pink honey is resistant to drought, disease and weather changes.
The region is considered a place with risky farming. It is difficult for summer residents to choose varieties for growing. Breeders breed species that are capable of bearing fruit in this climate.
Ripens within 4 months. Fruits are pink, large, weighing up to 0.3 kg. An adult plant reaches 2 m in height. Tomatoes are used for fresh consumption, for preparing salads.
The variety is resistant to frost, cold snaps, abrupt climate change. With proper care, 1 fruit weighs 0.8 kg. From 1 plant, up to 5 kg are harvested. Undemanding to care for and unpretentious variety, easy to grow.
An adult plant is 0.7 m in height. In addition to resistance to bad weather and climate change, it has a high immunity and good yield. If the requirements for cultivation are met, 1 fruit reaches 1 kg in weight.
80 cm bush height. The weight of tomatoes varies from 100 to 125 g, it depends on the care and timeliness of meeting the requirements of agricultural technology.
The main advantage of standard varieties is, of course, early maturity.
They can be sown for seedlings later than others: in the first decade of April, which is very convenient when growing seedlings at home.
By the time the seedlings are planted in the ground (the third decade of May, when the threat of frost is unlikely), the plants will turn out to be stocky and strong. A good help for such seedlings will be a large amount of sunlight on the windowsill in the second half of spring. The seedlings will be about 50 days old and the first brush will already bloom on the plants. Such seedlings will take root well and tie the fruit. The harvest will be not only early, but also environmentally friendly. Indeed, in the early period, tomatoes avoid late blight - they simply do not have time to get sick and require significantly less fertilizing and spraying with pesticides.
Standard tomatoes are generally very resistant, including to temperature extremes. And if other varieties recover from stress for a very long time after cold snaps that occur at this time, then these varieties firmly hold the leaf and yield as if nothing had happened.
In the southern regions, they are preferred to grow in open ground - they are not afraid of sunlight, rain or wind. For the middle lane, we still recommend using lightweight film covers, draped over the arches installed above the beds.
If you do not want to waste time growing seedlings, you can try to grow standard tomatoes even in the middle lane using a non-seedling method. Seeds sown in late April - early May are covered with glass jars or cut plastic bottles (until the first shoots appear). The ridge is covered with a film or lutrasil, having previously installed arcs. After thinning and loosening the soil, the plants develop rapidly, often overtaking the seedling competitors.
While visiting, I met an avid gardener, who shared his experience of growing and the features of standard tomatoes.
Until now, I did not know and did not even hear about such. What is it?
Standard tomatoes were singled out as a separate group of tomatoes. Why? Let's figure it out.
Probably I will say a common truth, but tomatoes are divided into determinant (undersized) and indeterminate (tall).
The tops of the determinant varieties ends with a brush, the indeterminate ones have unlimited growth.
Here, in the determinant (undersized) varieties, a new subgroup was identified, the so-called "standard tomatoes".
Standard tomatoes have their own characteristics: they are not large and not tall (limited in growth), thereby very compact and stocky. If there is a lack of lighting, they do not stretch.
Thanks to their large leaves, these tomatoes are resistant to heat and a slight cold snap.
Most of the tomatoes are early ripe, they safely pour their fruits, give them up to the main wave of late blight.
Another feature is a small sheet apparatus. This is good news as no need to bother with cutting off (circumcision) stepchildren.
The following are characteristics that are relevant to most standard tomatoes.
Suitable for areas with risky farming. The fruits are small but tasty. Bushes grow up to 50 cm.
Bountiful harvest. The difference between this variety is a little sour.
These are the standard tomatoes that were grown in our Orenburg region. Middle zone of Russia.
There are a large number of this type of tomato. Dear readers, share information: what kind of standard tomatoes did you grow on your plots. I think many would be interested!
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When choosing seeds for their garden, each summer resident faces the main problem - how to understand the characteristics of seed varieties and choose the best ones? Currently, the choice of seeds in stores is quite wide, each bag of seeds has tempting pictures and almost every one indicates that this particular variety is the most productive, largest and most delicious.
And also on the seed bags, there are often long and difficult to pronounce words, like a determinant or indeterminate variety. How to understand what it is if you are not an agronomist? What's the difference between them? And most importantly, how to understand that this is exactly the variety you are looking for?
In this article, we will try to provide answers to all of the above questions and to simplify your choice when looking for seeds.
This concept applies to varieties and hybrids that have no growth restrictions. Every summer resident is familiar with the situation when the bush grows and simply rests against the roof of the greenhouse, but continues to grow and tie the brushes "to the last." Thus, we are dealing with an indeterminate (tall) variety. Such varieties, in a suitable climate, can grow for more than a year, reach 2-3 meters in height and give up to 50 clusters of tomatoes.
Flowering of indeterminate varieties begins after 9-12 leaves, flower brushes are laid every three leaves. The recommended age of seedlings is 60-65 days, fruiting occurs in 105-130 days.
Compared to indeterminate varieties, these varieties and hybrids are not able to grow indefinitely. They have a certain number of brushes (from 4 to 8) and have a limiting point in growth.
Determinant tomato varieties are subdivided into several subspecies:
When growing tomatoes, it is always important to take into account the climatic conditions and the growing method (open or closed ground).
For example, in northern regions, it is better to choose determinant varieties that will grow well in greenhouses. Obviously, in these conditions, it makes no sense to plant tomatoes in open ground. During the short summer, typical for these regions, tomatoes will have time to ripen and give up their entire harvest.
In the regions of the middle lane, it is preferable to grow determinant varieties in the open field, and indeterminate varieties in a protected one.
In the southern regions, independent varieties of tomatoes are grown independently in greenhouses or open ground.
When growing seeds of different types, it is very important to consider - the recommended age of the seedlings! For all types of varieties: undersized, medium-sized and tall, it is different! This note is fundamental if you are aiming for maximum yield. Planting seeds for seedlings is best done gradually.
When calculating periods and dates, remember to take into account the germination time of the seeds. Thus, it is necessary to subtract from the estimated date of planting seedlings in a permanent place, not only the recommended age, but also 5-7 days for seed germination.
For example, if you usually plant tomatoes in a greenhouse in early May, then standard tomatoes should be planted for seedlings at the end of March, medium-sized ones - in mid-March, and tall ones - in early March. You should not plant a plant for seedlings ahead of time - this can deprive them of energy ahead of time, and also too late - this will not allow them to realize their full potential.
We wish you success and big harvests!