By: Teo Spengler
What is German White garlic? According to German Whitegarlic information, this is a large, strong-flavored hardneck type garlic.German White garlic is a Porcelain type with satin white bulbs. For informationabout how to grow German White garlic, read on.
Many gardeners growing German White garlic declare it theirfavorite. Its claim to fame is the size of its cloves. The big bulbs have onlyfour to six cloves, which makes them easier to peel.
Exactly what is German White garlic? It’s an extremelypopular type of hardneck garlic with ivory bulbs. The clove wrappers, however,are pink. This garlic is known by several other names. These include GermanExtra-Hardy, Northern White and German Stiffneck.
These huge garlic bulbs have a rich, deep flavor withlasting heat. Are they spicy? They are, but not too much, just enough. Thisgarlic softens and sweetens when it is cooked and is excellent in pesto, roastsand sauces.
If you are considering growing German White garlic, you’llbe happy to hear that it stores well for a hardneck. You can leave it in coldstorage and it will stay good until March or April.
Growing German white garlic is not very difficult. For a 25-foot(7.6 m.) row, you’ll need a pound of garlic. Crack the bulbs into cloves andplant them 6 inches (15 cm.) apart, ideally in September or October.
Plantthe garlic, pointed end up, in full sun in a sandy or loamy soil thatoffers excellent drainage. Each one should be about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm.)deep, measuring from the top of the clove. Place mulch on top.
Water the garlic only when the soil is dry. Too much watermeans that the garlic will rot. Fertilize in the spring with a high nitrogenfertilizer, and keep weeds down.
When the garlic stalks start to form little stems calledscapes, prune them off when they curl. This makes sure the energy goes into buildinglarge bulbs, rather than producing flowers. Good news, though – garlicscapes are edible too.
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Growing Practices: No Pesticides No Herbicides No Fungicides No Synthetic Fertilizers
Latin Name: Allium Sativum
Days to Maturity: 300
Also known as German Extra Hardy, Northern White and German Stiffneck it's a large, beautiful and well-formed porcelain garlic. It typically has 5 to 7 cloves per bulb and can be stored as many as 9-10 months or longer. Harvests in mid-summer. Its flavor is very strong and robust and sticks around for a long time. Being a Porcelain garlic, it can be hot when raw, but mellows upon cooking. Good for pesto or hummus great nutty taste when caramelized.
It originally came from Germany but grows well in all but the most states. Very hardy, grows everywhere!
We love this variety as the flavor is amazing. We like that works on most if not all dishes. If we only grew 1 type of garlic, German White would be it.
Once you've received your garlic seed, if you cannot plant immediately, store in a cool dark area prior to planting. Preferred temperature should be under 60 degrees and above 45. Most basements or cellars work perfectly. If you don't have access to either, a cooler in your garage, crawl space or shed will work as well.
If you're ready to get planting, start by breaking, cracking, or separating your garlic bulbs into cloves. There can be anywhere from 4 to 12 cloves per bulb depending on the cultivar. Peel the outer layers of skin back as best you can from each bulb and break it apart using your hands or a dull tool. You don't want to damage the clove as it can lead to potential disease or contamination. This can be a time consuming process. It can take as long as an hour to break apart 10lbs of garlic.
Once your cloves are broken, they can be planted immediately. Some farms like to soak their cloves overnight in a variety of manners. At OnPoint Organics, we've chosen not to soak ours. Place them in a labeled bucket, especially if you plan to plant more than one variety of garlic.
Once you have your garden planned out with number of beds and rows, be sure to identify your rows to show each specific variety. You will want to plant each clove 6-8" apart with the pointed end of each clove facing upward at a depth of 2-4". Once each row is planted, you can use a metal rake or your hands to cover the holes in each row with dirt. This is a good time to fertilize also if you decide to do so. Once you determine which mulch you will be using, this will be your final step in the planting process. If using straw, be sure to put a 2-6" of chopped straw over each row.
Each type of garlic grows best under a particular set of circumstances, and it’s always important to research the variety you’ve chosen to provide an ideal growing experience. However, hardnecks and softnecks do each have a few general planting and growing rules.
When it comes to hardiness zones, hardneck types grow best in zones seven or lower. Zones eight and up are best for softneck varieties. Softnecks can be planted in either the spring or fall. If they are planted in the spring, they can be harvested about three months later. Otherwise, they will grow throughout the winter, resulting in larger, more plentiful cloves and bulbs the following year.
Hardnecks should generally be planted in the fall. The plant will go dormant during winter and can be harvested in the fall of the next year. They will also produce scapes just before harvesting time. These tendrils can either be harvested and eaten or left to produce bulbils containing seeds.
Both hardneck and softneck types should be planted in well-draining soil and should receive about an inch and a half of water per week. Because they’re so small, these plants can be planted outdoors or inside in pots. However, garlic grows best when it’s given between six and ten hours of full sun each day, so place the plants somewhere that’s exposed to the light.
Garlic should also be fertilized every three weeks or so with a fertilizer that’s high in nitrogen.