What to do for a gardener and gardener in September


The main concern of gardeners in September is to harvest without losses

The main concerns of gardeners and gardeners this month are devoted to the harvesting of the crop grown on the backyard and laying it for long-term storage in processed or fresh form. In addition, in September, perennial plants begin to prepare for wintering and they need help in this so that they can then survive the cold season.

For both plants and site owners, the current growing season has been challenging. The weather throughout May and early June was colder than we are used to observing over the past ten years. The lag with the arrival of heat by mid-June already reached about 2-2.5 weeks, which could not but affect the development and subsequent ripening of the crop of cultivated plants. The days with warm weather, which had established since mid-June, gradually turned into an unusually long July heat with rather, alas, rare rains, which could not provide the plants with moisture in abundance. Moisture deficiency was especially sensitive on light sandy soils and in areas located at higher elevations.

Many gardeners had to spend a lot of time and energy on watering vegetables and berries. Of course, if there was water for irrigation, because many of the gardens in their gardens have dried up.

Due to the July heat, the sum of effective temperatures in our region "pulled up" to the average annual indicator. But the high dryness of the air caused strong evaporation of water from the foliage in plants, while the root system could not provide for it due to a lack of moisture in the soil. But it is known that very low air humidity and hot weather, even with a sufficient amount of moisture in the soil, strongly affect, for example, the yield of potatoes - it decreases by 30 - 40%, especially if they fall on the period of its flowering and accumulation of tuberous mass. Most likely, a similar situation was noted for all other crops that form their harvest in the soil.

Fruit and berry crops began to experience a serious moisture deficit in the soil at the end of July - beginning of August, if the plots were not located in low places, since small night rains did not always manage to saturate the soil with moisture. In low areas, some water supply was formed due to the slow evaporation of moisture during cold May and as a result of heavy rains in June. By the way, these precipitations in the first half of June caused damage to the sprouting potatoes and their sprouts coming out to the surface, causing panting and rotting of tubers in the soil of those gardeners who planted it in the 20th of May, as it should be in our climate.

All these "cataclysms" of the weather could affect the ripening of the crop, since during the entire growing season the weather seemed to rush "from one extreme to another", but by the tenth of September we again approached the warmth, in general, to the average annual indicator.

From the end of the first decade of September, the active harvesting of the fruits of most of the autumn varieties of pome crops (apple and pear) and black chokeberry berries begins. I want to remind you that the fruits are removed from the trees carefully, without shaking them off or knocking them off the branches, since, having received mechanical damage, they are not stored, and in places where they are injured, they begin to rot and quickly deteriorate. The picking of apples and pears (especially from tall trees) is usually carried out using long ladders or special so-called "fruit pickers" are used. The fruits are removed from the branches in such a way that no dents are made on their surface with your fingers. First of all, they try to tear them off without damaging the branch itself; at the same time, when tearing off, the stalk is simultaneously twisted. According to experts, it is preferable to remove fruits with a whole stalk: then apples and pears are stored much more successfully than without a stalk. The most optimal days for picking apples and pears are days with dry weather, they are removed as soon as the dew dries up. It must be borne in mind that fruits that have fallen to the ground must be immediately used for food or put into processing.

Apples and pears that you are going to send for long-term storage must be very carefully examined, revealing fruits with mechanical damage. Good fruits should not have lesions of the peel with fruit rot, otherwise they will not be stored, even if the disease is noted only in the form of barely noticeable dots. Fruits sick with this rot are usually buried in the ground to a depth of at least half a meter.

In the presence of small spots of scab, which could appear on the fruits as early as mid-July, the gardener still has the hope of successfully storing his products for some time, but one should not stretch its implementation for too long. It is important to dry the fruits with such a manifestation of scab for 2-3 days indoors before laying them for winter content. But nevertheless, it is advisable to send fruits with an unaffected peel for storage, and only if there is a shortage of harvest, it is worth neglecting a weak defeat by scab of plant products.

Experts strongly advise against sending apples and pears for long-term storage, which have visible damage on the surface, typical for moth caterpillars and leaf rollers. It is highly likely that such pests may still contain these pests, which during storage will continue to feed and will further destroy the pulp. Wormy fruits must be buried deeply or sent for processing.

In warm weather in the first half of September, by the end of the month, removable maturity of many winter (mid-late and late ripening) varieties of pome crops can occur. Sometimes gardeners have a desire (especially with a good harvest) to keep apples fresh for a longer time. For this purpose, some of them take good fruits, not mechanically damaged, outwardly healthy and clean from the surface, and dip them in a 5% aqueous solution of wax, to dissolve which they use hot (up to 60-70 ° C) water.

Some gardeners preserve apples. Of course, injured fruits and fruits, even with small specks of rot, for example, apples, are not used for canning, even if their pulp is thoroughly cleaned from the rotten mass.

During heat treatment, all recommended rules are observed, avoiding an excessive increase in temperature. According to practitioners, the addition of ascorbic acid (5 g / kg of raw materials) to canned food not only enhances the taste of the product, but also largely preserves the good appearance and nutritional value of these preparations.

When canning, be sure to pay attention to the ripeness of apples, since not all apple varieties are suitable for this processing. Some of them are better suited for compotes, for example, Brown new, Antonovka ordinary, Melba, Autumn striped, Papirovka, Sinap Orlovsky. Compotes are excellent if they are made from apples with a slight sourness, without integumentary color or slightly colored. In any case, the fruit should be ripe, but not overripe.

Other varieties are very suitable for making jam from them. Such jam is praised if it is made from apples of such varieties as Spartan, Brown striped, White anise, Babushkino, Autumn striped, Pepin saffron and Renet Chernenko. The preparation of apple juice is practiced (then it tastes better) from varieties characterized by moderate acidity and a sufficient percentage of sugar - Antonovka ordinary, Melba, Pepin saffron, Lobo, Bessemyanka Michurinskaya and Zhigulevskoe. To improve the taste of compotes, some practitioners mix too acidic apple juices with pear juice, combining them in various proportions.

You can try to cook pickled apples, since vitamins and carbohydrates are well preserved in such products, organic compounds are not destroyed. For this purpose, apples of autumn and winter ripening are preferable, characterized by a sweet and sour taste and dense white or creamy pulp. Among the varieties of apples suitable for peeing are called pineapple Borovinka, Brown striped, Antonovka white, Sinap Orlovsky, Autumn striped and Pepin saffron.

The most convenient containers for wetting fruits are glass bottles with a wide mouth, oak barrels (with a capacity of 25 liters), enamel bowls and pots. Before laying, the fruits are thoroughly washed and sorted. They are laid in dense rows in containers, the bottom and walls of which are covered with rye straw, previously scalded with hot water. Each row of apples is also shifted with this straw. If you are using small containers, instead of straw, you can take blackcurrant leaves, adding to them for taste a few sprigs of mint and tarragon. Then apples are poured with a special solution made up of 300 g of sugar, 100 g of salt and 100 g of rye flour or malt (based on 10 liters of hot water).

Practitioners advise to sprinkle the topmost layer of "packing" material with a small layer of mustard powder to avoid mold. After laying the apples and pouring the solution, the container is closed on top with a clean wooden circle. In small containers, for example, in glass jars, so that the fruits do not float, they are pressed from above with boiled flexible birch splinters. More often, the cans are rolled up with lacquered lids, but to release the gas released during fermentation, a part (1-1.5 cm) of the intermediate ring is cut out. Containers with apples are kept for 1-1.5 weeks at a temperature of 15 ... 18 ° C, after which they are placed for subsequent maintenance in a cool place (cellar, refrigerator, etc.). The most acceptable temperature for optimal preservation of pickled apples is considered to be 2 ... 4 ° C. After 1.5-2 months, the soaked products are ready for use.

Most fruit growers believe that the optimal time for planting fruit and berry crops is spring. But sometimes circumstances develop like this - for example, they unexpectedly acquired a very good sort of seedling - that one has to do the planting in the fall. In addition, we are all already beginning to get used to the fact that October often "spoils" us with good weather in its first 1.5-2 decades. The main thing is to comply with the requirement that the plants planted in autumn take root before the onset of stable frosts. Although, of course, a good gardener still must prepare in advance for the acquisition of seedlings of the planned crops and varieties and arrange a planting hole for them in advance.

When choosing and buying fruit and berry planting material, it is imperative to make sure that all seedlings are healthy and have a normally developed aerial part and root system. They should be free from rodent damage or disease. If you find sores on the central branch or on the side shoots, it is better to discard such plants, as this may be the result of infectious diseases. If the gardener still wants to try to preserve and then heal such acquired seedlings, then he must act as follows. The upper parts of the lateral shoots and the central branch (in the latter case, this should only concern a small area) are cut 2-3 cm below the lesion site. The cut pieces of branches are burned, the cuts are treated with a solution of copper sulfate and covered with garden pitch. Saplings of apple trees with growths on the root system are immediately discarded, since this is usually a manifestation of bacteriosis.

Other gardeners practice in the fall a temporary (until spring) digging in the seedlings purchased in September (and even more so in October). In the spring, a permanent place is already determined for them. When planting, broken branches are cut off from seedlings of fruit and berry crops, and from currants and gooseberries, the tops of the shoots are removed if they are affected by diseases.

Harvesting vegetable crops open ground, first of all, they start with root crops, in which the top is above the soil surface. These are beets, turnips, rutabagas and carrots. Days with dry weather are chosen for cleaning. It must be borne in mind that when harvesting in rainy weather, wet plant products will be poorly stored and become more quickly affected by fungal and bacterial infections.

For winter storage of carrots, as a rule, they leave the harvest of this crop, sown in the second half of May. Root crops grown from spring sowing are stored much worse, so it is more advisable to use them for food in the fall, in the first place. Carrots should be harvested before frost, since even light freezing (-1 ...- 2 ° C) adversely affects long-term storage. Having finished harvesting, after drying, its roots are immediately laid for storage, since in the open air they quickly lose water and become lethargic.

It is most convenient to harvest root crops with a pitchfork, since you can easily injure them with a shovel. You should not pull out roots deeply submerged in the soil with your hands, since leaves with thin petioles easily break off, and part of the plant harvest may remain in the soil.

Cleaning is completed in the first half of September cucumbers, squash, pumpkin and zucchiniplanted in the open field. Experts advise against delaying harvesting pumpkin crops, as they are very susceptible to cold dew nights, often ending in frost.

15-20 days before the start of frost, i.e. from the second half of September, start plant winter garlic... It is necessary that he has time to form a high-quality root system that will allow him to successfully overwinter. But it is also necessary that it does not germinate with green mass.

It's in full swing in September harvesting mid-season cabbage varieties, the cutting of the later ones is left in the first decades of October. Although the plants themselves at a young age are still able to withstand a slight minus temperature, getting mature heads of cabbage under frost with a temperature below -3 ...- 4 ° C is undesirable. For storage, dense (filled with mass) heads of cabbage, cut on days with dry weather, should be intended. Harvesting cabbage too early, not corresponding to the early maturity of the variety, leads to its strong wilting, late - leads to cracking of the heads. For long-term storage, heads of cabbage must be healthy, not damaged by pests and free of signs of diseases.

By mid-September they usually finish harvesting late varieties of tomato... This is necessary in order to avoid damage to fruits by late blight. If they are removed green, then it is not difficult to bring them to real maturity later. But if you wish, you can make interesting blanks from green fruits. According to the first recipe, jam is prepared: the fruits (small and medium fractions) are thoroughly washed and placed in highly salted water overnight. Then they are heated in ordinary water until it starts to boil and rinsed several times with cold water. For every 0.5 kg of tomato fruit, add syrup (0.5 kg of sugar + zest of 2-3 medium lemons), then boil the jam until transparent over low heat, periodically removing the froth. After that, let the jam cool and put it in glass jars. The next recipe is pickling green tomato fruits: they are cut into slices (at least 1.5-2 cm thick) and placed in a three-liter jar along with chopped celery, parsley and hot pepper (spices are added to taste). Pour a solution prepared at the rate of 2 tablespoons of sugar, one salt and 0.5 liters of 9% vinegar per 4 liters of water. Pasteurization is carried out according to generally accepted rules.

Spring garlic is harvested after September 10-15, when he finishes growing season.At the same time, large bulbs are selected for planting in early spring, they must be placed separately from food garlic.

In early September begin to prepare beds for winter sowing a number of vegetable crops. 15-20 days before stable frosts (more often the planting time falls on mid-September), it is necessary to plant winter garlic. A bucket of humus and 200-300 g of ash for each square meter of the garden are brought under this culture, it is carefully dug up and watered abundantly (especially in dry autumn. If a small fraction of garlic is used for planting, then the planting pattern is 10x10 cm, and for a large one - 15x15 cm The depth of planting of garlic is set depending on its timing - from 8 cm at a later date and up to 12 cm at an early date.

Throughout the month, they are harvested as they ripen, potato varieties of different early maturity... After digging, they are kept for 5-6 hours in the open air, for 12-15 days - in a warm room, so that fungal and bacterial infections appear on the tubers, after which they are removed for storage.

K. Leonov, biologist


How to avoid conflicts with neighbors in the country

Most Russians are accustomed to spending the entire warm season at their dachas, waiting for

that in the bosom of nature, they can not only work well, but also have a good rest. But, often, the emergence of a conflict with neighbors in the country affects us in such a way that: neither rest, nor work no longer brings any joy.

Of course, if misunderstandings with neighbors are minor and have arisen recently, then you should make every effort to resolve misunderstandings through friendly conversation. But if all attempts to resolve the issue peacefully do not lead to the desired result, the issue will have to be resolved by legal means.

Where to go in case of conflict situations with neighbors?

[stextbox image = ’null’] There are a number of legislative acts in Russia that help resolve any conflict situations between people living in the neighborhood. [/ stextbox]

Among them are:

  • ZhK (housing code) of Russia view
  • Law "On Observance of Silence"
  • Rules for the use of residential buildings by premises
  • Federal Law No. 42 "On maintaining the peace of the Russians and observing silence at a later time."

What to do if people living nearby your summer cottage do not show you any respect and constantly ignore requests to behave yourself?

As mentioned above, first of all, you need to make every effort to resolve the conflict through a personal agreement.

Sometimes, for this it is enough to calmly and very clearly explain what the root of the problem is.

This conversation may be worth repeating more than once.

If, even after several attempts to reach an agreement, the neighbors do not make efforts to resolve the problem peacefully, you will have to draw up a complaint about the conflict situation and contact the authorized bodies with it.

If the check confirms the existence of a violation, the neighbors will be issued an official warning.

If, however, repeated warnings do not lead to the desired result, corrective measures will be applied to the neighbors.

They can range from an administrative fine to eviction from an apartment, depending on the severity and danger of their offenses.

The most common causes of conflicts with neighbors:

  • violation of silence and tranquility,
  • loud music, watching TV at too high volume,
  • carrying out repair activities,
  • Swearing and shouting can be considered a violation of law and order.

[stextbox image = ’null’] Thus, neighbors can be prosecuted for too loud sounds in the daytime - if they violate the sanitary standards established by the current legislation. [/ stextbox]

If such offenses take place at night, they can be qualified as a violation of public order.

Regular violation of noise standards is considered an administrative offense.

To solve this problem, you will have to contact your police station and file a complaint against neighbors who violate the order.

If, after a correctional conversation, the neighbors do not change their behavior, an administrative fine will be imposed on them. If violations of law and order recur, the issue of eviction of the violators may be considered.

Disputes related to the designation of the boundaries of summer cottages.

Often, one of the neighbors seeks to at least move his fence to the neighbor's plot in order to thereby increase his own plot.

[stextbox image = 'null'] To solve this problem, you need to carefully examine the cadastral plan of the site, with which you can understand what the boundaries of the parcels were initially. [/ stextbox]

You can request a copy of this document by contacting one of the branches of the Federal Agency for Cadastral Measurement of Land Plots.

Then, it is recommended to measure the area. To hold this event, you will have to involve an organization that carries out this type of activity. After that, the results of the measurement must be compared with the cadastral plan.

This operation will help determine whether neighbors have committed illegal actions related to the seizure of a part of someone else's land.

[stextbox image = 'null'] In case of violation, setting the correct boundaries will be done administratively. In case of refusal of neighbors to eliminate the consequences of their offense, address this issue to the courts. [/ Stextbox]

Location of objects on the site of neighbors.

Another reason for conflicts between neighbors may be the erection of any buildings or planting of plants that interfere with the owners of plots nearby.

The main legislative act regulating the distance between plantings and buildings in summer cottages is considered to be SNiP No 30_02_97 "Planning and erection of buildings on the territories of summer cottages and horticultural plots."

In this legal document, all the main provisions related to the location of residential and non-residential buildings, as well as the planting of trees and shrubs in the immediate vicinity of a neighboring site, are considered.

Therefore, neighbors can be considered violators only if their actions violate the norms set forth in this legislative act.

If violations take place, the owner of the site, who has suffered from the illegal actions of a neighbor, has the right to file a complaint with the management of architectural objects, the state construction supervision inspectorate, or the prosecutor's office.

Then, having in hand the documents received from these instances, you can go to court.

Emergency incidents.

The most common emergencies are floods and fires.

[stextbox image = 'null'] The owner of the dwelling is solely responsible for finding the apartment in such a condition that his living does not cause disturbance to people living nearby. [/ stextbox]

Consequently, the condition of all engineering and communication devices and other household items must be in full compliance with the established rules for the operation of residential premises.

This should also take into account the rights and interests of people living nearby.

Actions in the event of an emergency:
Find out the cause of the breakdown as soon as possible

  1. If it is not possible to eliminate the causes of the accident on your own, you must immediately call the emergency service of the ZhEK, or the fire service.
  2. After the completion of emergency recovery work, you should take care of issuing a special document confirming their call, indicating the number of the team that went to the scene of the accident, full name, contact information and date.
  3. Take a photo or video of all existing damage yourself, preferably with an indication of the time of the shooting.
  4. After eliminating the causes of the accident, you should call a commission from the ZhEK.
  5. After visiting the commission, the injured person must be in possession of the “Act on damage to living quarters”.
  6. Then, you need to contact the service for assessing the damage caused by the accident.
  7. All existing damage to property must be listed in the "Conclusion" on the amount of damage. "
  8. After that, a team of workers should be invited in order to draw up a plan and estimate for restoration work.

To file a legal claim for compensation for damage caused by an emergency, you must have the following documents on hand:

Littering up the territory of the dacha association.

Discharge of household waste to someone else's or common territory is one of the most common causes of conflict with neighbors in a summer cottage.

If it is known that neighbors repeatedly take out garbage to someone else's or common one and managed to detain them during an offense, there is every reason to call the police in order to draw up a protocol on violation of the administrative code.

In addition, this problem can also be made public at one of the meetings of the dacha association.

[stextbox image = ’null’] If the fact of the offense is documented, or with the help of a video or photo, the chairman of the management company will file a complaint with the court. [/ stextbox]

Experience shows that solving these issues in court gives a much greater result than personal attempts to reason with neighbors.

Fighting for parking space .

If attempts to reach an agreement have not led to the desired result, you will have to resolve the issue with the help of current legislation.

At the same time, all actions of the injured person must be well organized and legally competent.

To defend your rightful parking space, you will have to perform the following series of actions:

  • Take a photograph of the license plate of the offender's car
  • Call the police in order to draw up the "Report on the detection of the offense"
  • Submit a complaint to the prefecture of the settlement and to the district department of the Internal Affairs Directorate. The complaint should be accompanied by photographs confirming the fact of the offense.

Inappropriate use of common areas.

This type of offense also includes any uncoordinated redevelopment affecting load-bearing walls, common building attics and basements, as well as garbage disposal in these places.

If the reason for the conflict was that the neighbors use a common area for storing large and massive things. These may include strollers, motorcycles, bicycles or scooters. To resolve this issue in accordance with the current legislation, a discussion of this situation should be held during a general meeting of residents of nearby summer cottages.

[stextbox image = ’null’] Without the consent of neighbors, the implementation of any actions related to the use of the common area - can be considered an administrative offense. [/ stextbox]

When filing a complaint with the police station in the event of such offenses, the offender may be fined for a tidy sum.

Pets.

Today, the number of pets is not limited by any applicable laws.

[stextbox image = ’null’] It is forbidden only to walk dogs without a muzzle, walk with animals in playgrounds, place pets in attics and balconies. [/ stextbox]

Therefore, it makes sense to make a complaint only if the consequences of keeping pets interfere with the quiet life of the people around and the fact of violation can be confirmed with the help of photographs, audio or video recordings.

If such violations occur and can be confirmed, the affected person has the right to lodge a complaint with the following points:

  • In the housing office
  • To the inspection of housing and communal services
  • To a local police officer, with the aim of further drawing up a protocol on an administrative offense.

How do I file a complaint?

A complaint to any official is made in writing, in block letters.

[stextbox image = 'null'] When writing a document, it is helpful to pay attention to the sample complaint. It can be found on the information boards of most city services. [/ Stextbox]

The following set of paragraphs should be included in the text of the document:

  • Full name of the civil service where this application is submitted
  • Full name of the official
  • Full name of the plaintiff and his passport data

List and full name of documents confirming the fact of offenses
full list of existing offenses

  • Full name of the defendant
  • A clearly formulated petition addressed to an official
  • Date of preparation of the document and signature of the plaintiff.

[stextbox image = ’null’] An official will be able to respond to a petition filed in his name only if this document has been drawn up in full compliance with applicable law. [/ stextbox]

[stextbox image = 'null'] Concluding the article on resolving dacha conflicts with neighbors, I would like to remind you that most conflicts could be avoided if everyone followed the Golden Rule "Do not do to others what you do not wish for yourself." [/ stextbox]

There is no doubt that the rights of each of us are limited where they intersect with the rights of another person.

Experience shows that following only these simple tips can help everyone achieve peaceful relations with the people around us.


How to measure and level a garden plot yourself: useful tips and tricks

Having received ownership land plot, many are faced with the problem of the need to level the site. Laying out a garden and a vegetable garden, arranging a lawn, a flower garden or a local area, building a house require preliminary measurement and leveling of the surface. Of course, you can entrust the implementation of these works to specialists. However, certain conditions (for example, limited financial capabilities, the urgency of building an object, etc.) force the newly-made owners of the site to be guided by their own efforts. Today we will show you how to measure and align your garden or land plot yourself.


What to do for a gardener and a gardener in September - a garden and a vegetable garden

How to tell if a melon is ripe or not?

The ripeness of a melon fruit is determined by its skin color and aroma. If you press on the fruit from the side opposite to the stalk, then the crust of a ripe melon sags.

What diseases can melon have?

Melon is sick with fusarium, anthracnose and powdery mildew. To prevent these diseases, the soil before planting and the plants before flowering should be sprayed with Bordeaux liquid or "Hom", you can use the biological product "Fitosporin". A good result is given by prophylactic spraying with "Zircon", "Epin-extra" and "Cytovite" (take 2 drops of each drug and dissolve everything together in 1 liter of water).

Can melon be grown in the same greenhouse with cucumbers?

No you can not. Since the melon comes from hot and drought-resistant countries, it is better to plant it in the same greenhouse with tomatoes or peppers, but not with cucumbers.

Acid, even slightly acidic, dense soils, stagnant, humid air, fresh manure, cold weather, excessive doses of mineral and organic fertilizers, watering with cold (below 20-22 ° C) water.

Heat, light, neutral or slightly alkaline, breathable, moderately moist soil (watering should be done only when the top layer dries up) and dry air (constant ventilation of greenhouses is required when grown not in open ground), systematic loosening of the soil, moderate feeding with a weak solution of mineral fertilizers.

How to properly grow melon seedlings?

If you grow a melon through seedlings, then you can get a harvest 2-3 weeks earlier, which is an important factor in the conditions of the North-West or the Non-Black Earth Region, as well as for the regions of Siberia. For this, the melon is sown in pots 30-35 days before transplanting to a permanent place. If you are going to grow it in a greenhouse, then sow seeds for seedlings in early April.

Can be sown directly into wet soil. Read more "

Can melon be grown on the balcony?

Small melons weighing about 1 kg can be grown on a balcony or loggia in the same way as in a greenhouse. You just need to provide them with a sufficient supply area (a plastic bucket with a capacity of at least 5-6 liters is quite suitable for this).

Does melon grow in the Northwest?

Only in the greenhouse. It should be grown in the same way as a cucumber. Pinch over the 3-4th real leaf, since melon fruiting occurs on lateral shoots. Do not leave more than one fruit on one lash. To prevent the fruit from breaking off, you need to hang it in a net or stocking.

How long can watermelons be stored?

They are stored at room temperature for no more than two months.

Watermelon is a drought-resistant plant, it should be watered sparingly. He loves not watering, but loosening. Therefore, it is necessary to loosen the soil under the watermelons weekly, but not deeply, so as not to damage the root system.

He has the greatest need for moisture in the initial period after planting and at the time of the initial growth of the ovaries.

How to determine if a watermelon is ripe or not?

The watermelon ripens after fertilization in about a month, the place of attachment of the stalk, and then the stalk itself, will begin to dry out. If the stalk is wilted, the rind of the watermelon is glossy, shiny, and the fruit makes a sonorous sound when you tap it with your fingers, then the watermelon is ripe. At this time, the watermelons are removed.

What are the rules for planting a watermelon in a greenhouse?

In the spring, as soon as the soil permits, dig a trench in the garden bed on the bayonet of a shovel and add dry hay to it, return the soil from the trench to its place on top of the hay. Place a board on the soil and walk over it to compact the soil. Cover the garden and greenhouse with plastic wrap. Under a double film cover, the ground will quickly warm up to 15-16 ° C, even if the weather is cool. The hay will start to rot, giving off heat. After about 2 weeks, you can start sowing watermelon seeds. It is better to grow early ripening varieties of small size, about 2-3 kg in weight. Pretty much for sale now. Read more "

What varieties do you recommend for growing in a greenhouse?

In greenhouses, it is better to grow varieties in which the weight of the fruit does not exceed 2-3 kg. For example, in the North-West, the Sugar Malysh variety is excellent.

On acidic, dense or compacted soils, do not plant watermelon on clay or loam. He does not like damp, waterlogged places, cold soils, stagnant cold air, irrigation with cold (below 20 ° C) water, fresh manure either in the soil or as top dressing, excessive doses of mineral fertilizers, for a long time. Read more "

What conditions are needed for growing a watermelon? It's simpler: what does he like?

Warmth, good light, moderate nutrition, loose, breathable soil and moderate air and soil moisture. What does a watermelon like? Good air access to the roots, so it is better to sow it on sandy loam, fertile soils, be sure to roll the soil after sowing so that. Read more "

Is it possible to grow a watermelon in the Northwest?

You can, but only in a greenhouse. It is grown in the same way as a cucumber. Avoid sowing one or two plants as it may be that only male sludge is growing. Read more "

How often should eggplants be harvested?

Since unripe fruits are used for food, the harvest is harvested every 2 weeks, and in the South - after 7-8 days, so that the grown fruits do not interfere with the rapid pouring of the next ovaries.

How to properly form an eggplant bush?

Eggplant formation consists in the regular elimination of stepchildren. The lower leaves should be gradually removed until the first full fruit. If the bush is strong, then you can leave a stepson and even two. But if the bush is weak, then only one stem is left. After setting 4-5 fruits, pinch the top of the plant. ... Read more "

Eggplant ovaries fall off, fruits are poorly tied. What to do?

A very common problem for greenhouse grown eggplants. Do not be lazy and pollinate the eggplants by hand, or spray them with Bud, Ovary or Gibbersib immediately when the first buds appear. These preparations contain the hormone gibberelin, which, during normal fertilization, the seed that begins to grow produces itself - this is a signal for the growth of the ovary. But, if fertilization has not occurred and the seed does not develop, the hormone gibberelin. Read more "

The first flowers of an eggplant tend to fall off. Why?

All nightshade crops should not be given excess nitrogen until the first ovaries appear. With excessive doses of nitrogen in the initial period of development, they shed their buds and flowers. In addition, these plants require good lighting. Therefore, in the conditions of the Northwest, eggplants are not always successful. There is a shade-resistant medium-sized eggplant Robin Hood, it works well in a greenhouse, so start working with eggplant with it.

What plants can you plant eggplant next to?

Eggplants get along well with tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and beans.

Planting eggplant seedlings, why doesn't it take root?

Transplanting seedlings into a greenhouse should be done at the age of 70-80 days, no hardening is required. In the southern regions, seedlings are planted in the ground at the age of 35-40 days, having previously hardened in the air for 3-4 hours for 2-3 days. Do not water the seedlings for 2-3 days before transporting them to the site. Then she will be easier to move. Before planting seedlings, make holes, add 1 tablespoon of azophoska to them, pour a full well of water and, as soon as the water is absorbed into the soil, plant pa. Read more "

Do I need to feed eggplant seedlings?

Top dressing should be done from the moment the shoots loops appear. The best feeding is Uniflor-growth. Make a solution (1 teaspoon per 5 liters of water) and constantly water the eggplants not with water, but with this solution. You can use the fertilizer "Florist" or "Aquadon-micro". Or do regular feeding once a week using Kemira-Lux fertilizer or l. Read more "

Why didn't the eggplant seeds sprout?

For the growth of eggplant seeds, strictly observed temperature conditions and planting rules are required. First you need to germinate the seeds, then gently put one germinated seed on the surface of the soil in each planting pot and sprinkle it on top with dry soil with a layer of 1.5-2 cm, compact again. Cover with foil. Read more "

There are many varieties and hybrids of eggplants; early ripening varieties are of the greatest interest for cold regions, in particular, for the North-West. Usually they have medium-sized (about 100-150 g) fruits, which are tied one after another, and therefore they can be obtained up to 5-7 pieces from a bush. The convenience of these varieties is also that they are usually undersized, so they can be planted in a greenhouse with tall tomatoes. These are the varieties Robin Hood, Czech Early, Krasnogolovik Red - small, but very prolific, funny round white-fruited Ping-Pong hybrid, but there are also larger, "serious" varieties and hybrids. Read more "

When to sow eggplant seeds for seedlings?

In the Northwest, eggplants should be sown for seedlings in mid to late February to be planted in greenhouses around the twentieth of May. Early varieties and hybrids can be sown on seedlings in early to mid-March.

Poor, dense or compacted after watering acidic soils, watering with cold water, cold nights, sharp temperature changes, prolonged cold snap, drought.

Organic-rich, moisture- and air-permeable soil with a neutral reaction, sufficient soil and air moisture, increased doses of nitrogen, sun, warmth. For their growth and development, a temperature of 23-27 ° C is required. Eggplants die already at zero temperature, and at 12-14 ° C they stop growing and developing. If for a long time the temperature drops to 6-8 ° C, irreversible physiological changes will occur, which will lead to loss of yield. ... Read more "


What to do for a gardener and a gardener in September - a garden and a vegetable garden

Nastenok,
"Usually shrubs and trees are planted in the spring, from the moment they thaw until the buds swell. Usually this period takes only 10-15 days. But you can start planting in the fall.

Stone fruits, including apples and pears, are planted first of all, as early as possible, but shrub seedlings can wait a little - before the buds open a little.

In order to plant an orchard, it is necessary to choose a large seedling, not less than two years old, but annuals are also possible. Because it is these saplings that will begin to bear fruit most soon. Do not forget about a little trick - a container with seedlings should be immersed in water just before planting, for about 1-2 hours, so that the earthy lump is saturated with moisture.

Usually, winter-hardy varieties of apple, cherry, pear and plum are suitable for spring planting. As well as apricot, sea buckthorn and cherry. You can also plant strawberries. It is necessary to ensure that the soil is constantly moist, this will help the plants to take root. But currants, raspberries and gooseberries are strongly recommended to be planted in the fall. "



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