When snow is falling outside the window and fluffy snowdrifts lie, it is so nice to see fresh greens on the table! In addition, in winter, natural vitamins are especially needed by our body. And the first helper in the fight against colds or flu is green onions. Phytoncides secreted by onions disinfect the room, destroying bacteria, viruses and fungi.
Its healing properties help to cope with vitamin deficiency and spring fatigue, increase immunity and improve digestion. Green onion feathers will not only serve as a bright decoration for dishes, but will also have a beneficial effect on the body.
Although green onions can be bought in the supermarket both winter and summer, they are not comparable to those grown on your own windowsill. Firstly, by planting green onions at home, you can pick the required number of feathers for cooking at any time, and secondly, you will be sure that the greens were grown without the use of any harmful substances and chemicals.
By planting green onions at home, you can pluck the required number of feathers at any time for cooking.
Growing onions at home may seem affordable to any child - stuck a bulb in the ground in a flower pot and watch how green feathers appear. However, if you decide to get serious about the matter and eventually collect a rich harvest of not only greens, but also the bulbs themselves, you will need to take into account a number of basic rules and nuances.
Video about growing green onions at home
In winter, you can achieve greenery from the bulbs by forcing them onto a feather, that is, by germinating the root crops themselves. For this, onions are usually used, which you grew in your garden or bought in the store. Optimal fit multi-primordial varieties (Timiryazevsky, Spassky, Strigunovsky, Arzamassky, Pograsky, Union). The bulbs should be approximately the same diameter - about 2 cm, not damaged or diseased.
Place the calibrated bulbs in a container with hot water (+40 degrees) and put them on the central heating battery for a day. After soaking, a layer of brown husk can be removed to ensure the quality of the selected root crops and to remove the damaged layer, if any. Before planting, the top of the bulbs is cut off by one and a half centimeters.
In winter, you can get greenery from the bulbs by forcing on a feather.
To sprout onions at home, you can use any boxes, bowls, containers or pallets with a depth of 7 cm or more.It is best to prepare two containers so that you can grow green onions in a conveyor way - then you do not have to wait for the next portion of onion feathers to sprout.
As a soil, you can use land or substrate: fine expanded clay, fine gravel, sand. The substrate should be pre-washed with a hot concentrated solution of potassium permanganate and running water. Fill the boxes with soil 3-4 cm, if you chose a substrate, fill it with water so that it covers the surface by 1 cm. Dip the prepared bulbs into the ground every two centimeters, keeping them upright. It is not necessary to deepen the onion too much, only the roots should be in the water, otherwise the bulbs will rot.
Water the planted bulbs every other day with warm water
The container is placed in a warm place for a week, where the temperature does not drop below +25 degrees. When feathers 1-2 cm high appear on the bulbs, you should transfer the box to the windowsill. Windows that face southwest, south and southeast are ideal. If there is not enough sunlight, you can additionally illuminate the containers with fluorescent lamps. Only in the presence of sufficient light will green onion feathers accumulate useful substances and acquire a rich taste.
Water the planted bulbs every other day with warm water. Make sure that the water is constantly at a level just below the surface of the substrate, and the soil does not dry out.
The first green feathers should not be cut, otherwise further growth of greenery will stop. Cutting is done three weeks after planting the onion, and it is better to cut off the outermost feathers first, since the feather grows from the middle. In order for the greens to grow continuously, the interval between planting in different boxes should be 10-12 days.
Video about growing green onions
There is another popular way to grow onions at home without using potting soil. The bulbs are processed as described above and stacked tightly in an upright position on a shallow tray. Water is poured into the pan so that it covers the bulbs by a quarter. As the water level decreases, you will need to refill it. In about two weeks you will have fresh green feathers ready to eat.
The greens do not need additional feeding, since it takes all the nutrients during growth from the bulbs. But to accelerate the regrowth of feathers, you can add water with wood ash dissolved in it (10 liters 50 g).
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A huge number of people mistakenly believe that pineapple cultivation is possible only in an area with a subtropical climate. In reality, this is far from the case, and pineapple can be grown at home or in a greenhouse in the garden.
It can be very difficult to do this, but if you want and show perseverance, you can get a delicious exotic delicacy right at home.
The easiest way to grow onions at home is in regular tap water. For this purpose, already hatched onions are taken, which are placed in special trays, or simply in disposable cups, and the selected containers are filled with water so that it covers ¼ of the root crops. All planting care comes down to remembering to add moisture, which will surely evaporate.
Even in such a seemingly simple matter, there are subtleties. For example, if you want to harvest as soon as possible, then add a little wood ash to the water. Well, when you want to get a very juicy and bright feather, you will have to regularly spray it from a spray bottle.
The first shoots, suitable for consumption, are formed after a couple of weeks.
Perhaps it's worth starting with the choice of planting material. Give preference to mid- and early-season varieties like Timiryazevsky or Arzamassky. Their small, dense and round onions are multi-cut, which means that the crop will be cut more than once. Be sure to inspect your purchases for rot, dents and other signs of mechanical damage.
The husk should be shiny and close to the base. If possible, select already sprouted specimens in order to start eating vitamins as soon as possible.
All onions must be placed in water heated to +40 degrees, and put in a warm place for a day. Then remove the top layer of husk, and cut the tops parallel to the root cup, maximum 5 mm.
Preparation of land and containers for planting is as follows:
In the winter season, in cloudy weather or in the absence of a sunny place, even the earliest varieties of onions need to be supplemented with powerful phyto- or fluorescent lamps. Plants should be 60 cm away from the light source.
The required temperature regime is 23-27 degrees Celsius, while overheating can provoke general rotting of plantings. If the apartment is hot, the container with onions should be wrapped in foil.
As for watering, we can say the following: it occurs with the use of warm and settled water, regularly and as the soil visibly dries up. It is impossible to allow the earth to dry completely, otherwise the feather will lose its elasticity and appetizing appearance. In the case when a ready-made soil mixture is taken for cultivation, additional fertilizing is not required.
As an alternative to all that is written above, you can advise to grow chives at home from seeds sold in any specialty store.
Sowing of chives seeds occurs in a loose and moist soil in a surface manner, that is, without deepening.
Crops are irrigated from a spray bottle, covered with a foil until pecking and protected from
direct exposure to the rays of the sun. The sprouts of such onions love partial shade and shade, they have a voluminous and deep root system, but what is most pleasing is that they are perennial.
The main harvest falls in the second year of the crop's life, while in the first year they can serve as a decorative decoration for the kitchen, which is facilitated by their globular lavender inflorescences.
Now you know that getting healthy and tasty greens at home is real. But in which way - choose for yourself. Bountiful harvests to you!
Growing onions in the ground is no less convenient. In this case, the bulbs can be placed closer to each other. The fact is that in the soil the onion dries out very much, therefore it takes up less space. This allows you to grow more green feathers in a small container.
It is very important to select the correct container for this. The container must have holes so that excess moisture can drain out. It is also necessary to put a pallet under it, where water will be collected. These containers can be purchased at specialized stores. It is very important that the capacity is high enough. Otherwise, the roots can push the bulbs to the surface, and the feather will simply break.
It is noteworthy that the bow is undemanding to the ground. He himself gives nutrients to the soil. So even in ordinary soil, a feather can grow up to 20, or even 30 centimeters. Try to choose loose soil for growing, the acidity of which is no more than 7 pH. You can add sphagnum or sawdust to it.
A drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the container. It is needed to retain moisture in the soil. Then it is lined with a thick layer of soil (about 10 centimeters). Next, prepared onions are planted in the ground. The third part should be above the soil surface.
The ideal temperature for normal growth is + 20 ° C. Small deviations are allowed. If you increase the values to 25-27 ° C, then the greens will grow much faster. It is very important that the container of onions does not overheat in the sun. To protect the bow, you can wrap the container in plain foil. Adequate moisture will allow you to grow tasty and juicy green onions. When properly planted and cared for, you can get an excellent harvest of fresh young feathers.
Onions are planted on greens at home in several ways:
Each housewife chooses which planting method is more convenient or safer. Sprouting bulbs in water can be a little more difficult and take longer. The water is constantly changed every day during the first phase of growing greens. The soil is watered sparingly so that it is constantly slightly moist, but not flooded. It is promising to plant onions at home on greens in sawdust from a pet store or in sand. The substrate remains clean, as does the pallet and the surrounding area.
Other fillers are also suitable for planting onions, as the head does not need to take food from the substrate. The accumulated internal substances are enough for greens. True, in this case, such an advantage is lost as saving money when getting feathers for greens.
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