Northern Triumph - apricot, capable of producing large and tasty fruits in the middle lane. In the harsh climate of Siberia and the North of Russia, he will not survive the first frosty winter. But cultivation in the region of access does not guarantee stable yields. Cultivation success depends on the planting technology, as well as on further care.
The apricot was bred in the city of Michurinsk, Tambov region by breeder A.N. Venyaminov back in 1938. This is the result of crossing the large-fruited southern variety Krasnoschekiy and the early Transbaikal northern variety. In 1954, seedlings and cuttings were brought to Khabarovsk (Far East). Here they were planted in the crown and on the apricot seedlings Best Michurinsky. Over time, the Northern Triumph fully justified its name, it successfully conquered the hearts of Russian gardeners and spread even beyond its borders. In particular, the inhabitants of Latvia say that this unpretentious variety is well known and actively grown in them.
Apricot of the Triumph Severnyi variety grows as a large and spreading tree
Northern apricot Triumph is distinguished by active development. Already in the first year after planting, it can grow up to 3 meters. The adult tree is large (about 4 m), spreading, the trunk and skeletal branches are thick. Begins fruiting for 4 years, blooms after May 20. The flowers are very large, white, the pistils are strongly protruding above the stamens. If the spring is early, then the flowering is shifted, while most of the flowers do not have pistils. According to scientists, with a lack of heat in the flowers of this variety, not all organs are formed.
Even the annual shoots of the Triumph Severny variety are thick, and the flowers are large and white
The northern triumph is self-fruitless, as pollinators are suitable: Best Michurinsky, Amur and other varieties blooming at the same time. The harvest ripens in early August, and in cool summer - after August 20. Fruits weighing 25-28 g are clustered on the branches. In lean years, when fruits are rarely and evenly distributed over the tree, their weight can reach 35-50 g.
The fruits of the apricot Triumph north are large, orange, the stone is large, it can be easily separated from the pulp
The peel of the fruit is rough, sourish in taste, easily removable. On the sunny side it is covered with a speckled blush, on the shady side it has a greenish tint. The pulp is fragrant, sweet, with a pleasant sourness, melting in the mouth. The grain inside the stone is also tasty, sweet. The fruit is well attached to the stalk and does not crumble. However, if ripening occurs in rainy weather, then they crack strongly. Productivity - 37 kg per tree, but not regular.
Apricots Triumph northern on the branches are crowded, and only in lean years the tree is decorated with separately hanging large fruits
Triumph of the North endures mild winters with frosts down to -28 ° C. At lower temperatures, annual growths freeze, but fruiting occurs on two to three-year-old wood. At -35 ... -40 ° C, it can freeze out completely, especially for young trees. Also, at the end of winter, due to the temperature drop, the trunks that are not protected by whitewashing receive burns (frost cracks), cracks form in the wood, and in the spring the goldfish pest populates and feeds on them. As a result, the tree dies.
The variety is strongly affected by moniliosis, but relatively resistant to clasterosporium. The main advantages of the Northern Triumph are large fruits with an excellent dessert taste that grow in the conditions of a short summer in the middle zone.
Well-known and reputable gardeners Chuguev (Smolensk), Zhelezov (Sayanogorsk) and Baikalov, whose selection achievements in the field of Siberian gardening were included in the Guinness Book, have long been tested in their nurseries and offer us to plant seedlings not in planting pits, but on hills. This agricultural technique is especially relevant in relation to apricots. Their root collar not only cannot be buried, but it is strictly forbidden to make irrigation holes around, lay mulch trunks, huddle, etc.
Beginners often confuse two concepts: the root collar and the site of inoculation. The root collar is a conditional border, below which the roots grow, and above it is the aerial part. In other words: this is the origin of the uppermost root. The inoculation is located several centimeters higher, the trunk here has a thickening and a noticeable curvature.
The root collar of the apricot tree must be open, otherwise the plant begins to rot and dies
If the bottom of the trunk is in a humid environment, then the bark and wood on it begin to rot in a ring, food does not come from the roots, the tree dies. Water stagnation is especially dangerous and often occurs in spring, when the snow melts. Caring gardeners try to cover the apricot for the winter, sprinkle it with earth and humus, wrap it with roofing material, and this finally destroys their trees. However, not realizing this, in the spring they say that their apricots are frozen.
An apricot sapling located on a hill is not afraid of thaws and returning frosts
In spring, as a result of melting snow, in summer and autumn, during rains and watering, your apricot should not stand in a puddle. Its base must rise above soil level and be dry. To achieve this, choose the right agricultural technique for planting, use the positive experience of professionals.
The best place for apricot is the southern slope or the southern side of the fence, houses, outbuildings
In the middle lane, it is better to plant apricots in spring. Choose the sunniest place, sheltered from the cold northerly winds. The optimal location is on the southern side of the building, fence, walls made of other fruit trees, and best of all - on the southern slope, the angle of which is at least 10 °. In such a place, the root collar will be dry, and the roots will not freeze in winter. But if you have a flat area, then this is not a reason to give up growing apricots. You can make an artificial hill.
Stages of planting apricots using the technology of Zhelezov, Baikalov and Chuguev:
Plant 1-2 more seedlings of other varieties in the same way to ensure good pollination for Triumph. The distance between trees is 4–5 m.
A small hole is dug in the center of the prepared mound, the root of the seedling is immersed in it for about a third, the rest of the root is covered from above with an additional portion of earth
It is important to correctly orient the seedling relative to the cardinal points. In fruit nurseries, a mark is usually placed on the side of the trunk facing south. If it is not there, then try to determine for yourself: on the south side, the crust is brighter and lighter than on the north. If you do not take this feature into account and plant the tree with the wrong side to the sun, it will take root for a long time, it may die. However, when buying, specify the purpose of the label - often, for the convenience of gardeners, the location of the root collar is also marked with it.
If there is a southern slope on the site, then plant according to the standard scheme - in a hole 60 cm deep and 50 cm in diameter.Fill it with a mixture of earth and humus in a 2: 1 ratio. For watering, do not make a hole, but a groove around the periphery of the crown.
Immediately after planting, shorten the main stem by one third for branching and remove all vertically growing branches. In the following years, continue just such a formation: adjust the height of the tree by removing or shortening the shoots growing upward. As a result, fruiting will go to the side branches, the crown will turn out to be spreading, it will be well ventilated and illuminated.
The formation of a crown according to a tiered scheme will not allow fruiting to go to a great height, it will be more convenient to care for the apricot
Watering is needed during flowering and in July, when the fruits are actively growing, but at least 2 weeks are left before they begin to ripen. Pour 2-3 buckets under one young tree, and 3 buckets under an adult tree for each square meter of the trunk circle. In late autumn, in the absence of rain, water-charging irrigation is needed at a rate of 1.5 times more than usual.
Watering the apricot is necessary along the perimeter of the trunk circle, without falling on the tree trunk
An apricot on a turf hill, at a young age, can be watered from a watering can, like a lawn, but abundantly. And around an adult tree along the perimeter of the crown, before watering, make numerous punctures with a pitchfork or crowbar. Then the water will not spread, but seep to the roots. Do not water apricots in August, excess water during this period provokes strong growth of annual shoots, they do not have time to ripen by winter, the trees freeze too much.
Three dressings per season are enough for the Northern Triumph. In the spring, for the growth of leaves and twigs, fertilizers with a high nitrogen content are needed, during budding and flowering - potassium and trace elements, in the fall - to increase winter hardiness - phosphorus and potassium.
Use fresh ash for fertilizing. If it has been in the rain or was stored in conditions of high humidity, then it no longer carries any nutritional value and does not alkalize the soil, but only serves as a loosening agent of the soil.
You will significantly facilitate your work if you use ready-made complex fertilizers for different seasons.
|Season||Fertilizers and dosages|
|in spring before or immediately after bud break|
|in spring during budding and flowering|
|in the fall|
To protect the Triumph of the North from moniliosis and other fungal diseases, perform the following agricultural techniques:
Moniliosis causes a fungus that infects the tree during flowering and continues to suppress it throughout the growing season
When choosing a drug for diseases, pay attention to the nature of its effect: systemic - it penetrates the leaves and spreads throughout the plant or local - it works only where the solution has got. Also, some products are only effective at specific temperatures.
In preparation for winter, it is not enough to feed the apricot with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers and water it well; shelter from frost and rodents is required. When the daytime temperature drops to 0 ° C, cover the young seedlings entirely using hut-shaped frames and agrofibre.
Before the onset of frost, young apricot seedlings must be completely covered with agrofibre
Whitewash the trunks of mature trees and all skeletal branches to a height of 1.5–2 m from the ground with garden lime. Tie the stump with the needles down. In addition, you need to protect the roots, for this, cover the trunks with dry straw, hay, spruce branches. Do not cover the base of the trunk, move 15–20 cm away from it. In the early spring, when the thermometer reaches 0 ... + 5 ° C, remove the shelters.
The fruits of this variety do not crumble and hang on the tree for a long time, even overripe, but you should not abuse it. By delaying harvesting, you can wait for heavy rains. Almost all the fruits of the Northern Triumph will crack from an excess of moisture. But do not rush to collect unripe. Fully formed fruits with a slight green tint will acquire a soft and orange color at home, but will not be as sweet and aromatic as ripe on the tree.
Apricots ripened on a tree are prettier, more aromatic and sweeter than those ripened indoors
Pick fruit in sunny and dry weather. Of course, their main purpose is fresh consumption. They are very tasty and have a pleasant consistency. The surplus can be stored for 7-10 days in the refrigerator, and for the winter, everyone's favorite dried fruits are made from apricots: dried apricots and apricots. Of course, they make confitures, preserves, and compotes. Apricots are a great raw material for winemaking. Liqueurs, liqueurs and liqueurs are simply divine from them.
The Northern Triumph grows well and bears fruit in areas with mild winters. An important point in growing is planting. The root collar must be dry and well ventilated throughout the tree's life. Pay special attention to the prevention and control of diseases. The rest of the care does not differ from the standard for apricots.
Initially, the Northern Triumph was zoned in the south of the Central Black Earth Zone, and later spread to the territory of central Russia, the Urals and Siberia. This variety grows well and bears fruit in the Moscow region and the Leningrad region.
The variety is also known as Triumph of the North.
Northern Triumph bears fruit well in many regions of Russia
The tree is tall (up to 4 m), with thick skeletal branches, spreading. The leaves are large, pointed.
The Northern Triumph ripens in late July - early August. The fruits are larger than those of other northern varieties, their weight reaches 60 g. They have a yellow-orange color with a bright red blush. The skin is slightly pubescent and sour in taste.The pulp is orange, sweet, tender, melting in the mouth. The nucleolus at the stone is edible, with a delicate almond aroma.
|Resistance to frost up to -40 o C.||Fruiting is not annual.|
|Self-fertility.||It is damaged by clasterosporium disease, moniliosis, cytosporosis.|
|Fruiting already 4 years after planting.||Does not tolerate the proximity of groundwater.|
|Resistant to most diseases and pests.||It grows and bears fruit only on neutral or slightly alkaline soils.|
|The yield of an adult tree is up to 60 kg.||In severe winters, the kidneys freeze.|
|Great fruit taste.||In a warm and humid winter, the root collar can support.|
|Apricots don't fall off.|
|It grows well in the central regions of Russia and Siberia.|
Ripe apricot pulp - tender, melting, sweet
The Northern Triumph is widespread in the Central Black Earth Zone, since there it was bred by the breeder, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences A.N. Venyaminov, who worked on the creation of frost-resistant stone fruit varieties. Popularly, the variety is often called the Triumph of the North.
The variety has an average winter hardiness. Flower buds still freeze slightly in severe winters, for this reason the tree does not bear fruit every year.
Large, beautiful and tasty fruits are the main advantage of the Northern Triumph variety.
The harvest is ready to be harvested in early August, the Triumph of the North belongs to the late-ripening varieties. The fruit is large (60–70 g), slightly pubescent, on the sunny side with a pink tint, and on the shady side with green. The pulp is bright orange, sweet, melting in the mouth, the stone is easily separated. Moreover, the seeds are also edible, the nucleoli taste like almonds.
The tree develops long lateral branches. Productivity - up to 65 kg
The tree is spreading, long branches branch off from the trunk at an angle of 45⁰, under the weight of the harvest they slope to the ground. Apricot grows in height up to 3-4 m. The variety is zoned for the south of the Central Black Earth zone, in the Moscow region it hardly tolerates winters... But knowing the tricks of growing a crop, you can get a good harvest from this southerner in central Russia, and in the Leningrad region, and in the Urals and even in Siberia.
In order for a fruit crop to take root in the garden and begin to bear fruit, a number of important nuances should be taken into account during its rooting.
It would be more correct to purchase a young plant in the fall, no older than 2 years. Self-overexposure will ensure that the planting material has been prepared correctly for spring planting.
An annual crop will be suitable for purchase, usually a small seedling, about half a meter long, several lateral shoots are already present on a two-year-old. The bark of the tree should not contain any damage or other flaws.
The purchase of planting material with a closed root system, which will exclude its damage and drying out during transportation, will increase the chances of survival.
If the seedlings sold were grown by grafting, before purchasing it is worth clarifying which crop it was carried out on. The planting material grafted on the plum will be immune to many ailments, the hybrid on the turn will be small in size, and the cherry plum or cherry will give the plant resistance to high moisture in the soil.
It is necessary to store the seedlings before planting, keeping the roots in a solution of clay and mullein, then wrap them in wet burlap or rags, close the top with a film. The gardener will need to regularly check the condition of the roots, they should not dry out.
The tree must be left before disembarkation in the basement or any other room where the air temperature will be from 0C to + 5C. In the southern latitudes, seedlings are dropped on the site in autumn, in which case they will need to be insulated with straw and protected from rodents.
Triumph of the North is rooted in the open field in spring, when the risk of return frosts will be minimal. Depending on the region, works can be carried out from April to mid-May. It is important to wait for the moment when the earth warms up to + 5C.
Until the planned date of work, the seedling should be kept in the basement so that the plant does not wake up ahead of time. In rare cases, rooting is carried out in the fall - in October.
A well-lit and wind-protected area is best suited for planting. You can root the apricot in a place where there will be some kind of fence on the north side. It can be a structure, a fence, or another tall tree.
But it should be borne in mind that the variety belongs to individualistic plants, therefore it is better for it to allocate a separate place in the garden without other fruit crops, the exception will be the group planting of different types of apricot.
It is more correct to root young seedlings in a neutral or slightly alkaline soil, with an acidity of 6-7 pH. The soil in the garden should be light and loose to maintain good aeration and moisture access to the roots when watering. The optimal groundwater level will be 1.5-2 m.
The best option would be to root the seedlings on specially made hills, which will prevent the root system from rotting.
In this case, instead of a planting hole for a tree, a hill is made of a substrate, which includes sand, garden soil, compost and humus.
For group planting, trees should be placed in 4-5 m increments.
The Northern Triumph inherited unpretentiousness in terms of agricultural technology from the mother plants, so the measures for caring for it will be reduced to performing simple garden work.
The hybrid belongs to drought-resistant varieties, in light of which it will not need frequent watering. With regular natural precipitation, additional moisture is not required for an adult tree. In a dry summer, watering is carried out once a month - in the spring after the flowering phase, during the period of fruit growth, after harvesting. After each introduction of moisture, loosening of the trunk circle will be required to improve aeration and moisture access to the roots.
A young seedling should be watered regularly, the frequency of work will depend on the condition of the soil in the near-trunk circle - the ground near the root system should not dry out.
After planting, fertilizers will be required for a tree for 4 years, when a crop will already be formed on it. For feeding, organic matter is used - humus or compost every 3-4 years. Every spring, the apricot is watered with mineral compounds; in the fall, superphosphate is introduced into the trunk circle.
The yield of the fruit crop will depend on the correct formation of the crown. A hybrid will require sanitary and anti-aging pruning. In the first case, dry and damaged branches are removed in the spring, the length of healthy branches is reduced by a third. A rejuvenating haircut will be required when fruiting decreases in the fall.
In autumn, the trunk and skeletal branches must be whitewashed with lime. To protect against rodents and freezing, young seedlings are covered entirely, constructing special frames made of agrofibre or other covering material with ventilation holes.
In adult trees, for the winter, the trunks are tied with twine, additionally wrapped with spruce branches. The trunk circle is mulched with straw or sawdust, the layer thickness should be at least 15-20 cm.
Apricots ripen by the end of July and are harvested until August 20. 5 kg are harvested from 1 tree in the first wave of fruiting. The variety begins to bear fruit actively in the 4th year. Up to 60 kg of fruit are harvested from 1 tree. Sometimes there are bad seasons.
Instances planned for consumption as food immediately or for drying, freezing, jams, compotes, preserves are ripe ripe. Those fruits that will be transported are harvested at the stage of technical ripeness. Harvesting should be done in dry weather when the dew has evaporated.
If you pick apricots of the Triumph Severny variety during a cold snap, their taste deteriorates, they are not saved for long. The high temperature is not suitable for harvesting, then the fruit will not be stored for long. It is advisable to harvest in the evening, after 17.00.
The Triumph northern variety is quite demanding in care. The main activities include feeding, watering and pruning.
Apricot tolerates heat well, but provided there is sufficient soil moisture. To increase the number of fruit ovaries, the tree must be watered regularly from late May to mid-June. Water is poured along the edge of the trunk circle, and not at the root. For watering a young apricot, 20-30 liters of water per 1 m 2 are consumed; for an actively bearing tree, this rate is increased by 2-2.5 times.
Closer to autumn, the moistening of the soil around the apricot is stopped, because natural precipitation is enough for him. If there is little rain, moisture-charging irrigation is carried out at the beginning of October, consuming 50-60 liters of water. The volume of liquid should be divided by 2 times: morning and evening.
If the pit was prepared in compliance with all the rules, fertilizers begin to be applied in the third year after planting the seedling in a permanent place. In the spring, when the apricot tree grows green, the top dressing should contain a sufficient amount of nitrogen. They are brought in before flowering, after its completion and when excess ovaries fall off. 1 m 2 will require 30-40 g of nitrogen-containing fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate, carbamide or ammonium sulfate can be poured into the ground or prepared as a solution.
During spring digging, humus is introduced into the trunk circle at the rate of 4-5 kg per 1 m 2. This procedure is carried out once every 3-4 years. Chicken manure must be mixed with peat or compost in a 1: 2 ratio before use. The consumption of the prepared mixture should not exceed 300 g per 1 m 2.
In the first half of June, when the fruits begin to ripen, the Northern Triumph needs phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. 60 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium sulfate are added to 1 m 2. A natural substitute is an infusion of wood ash, which is prepared at the rate of 150 g of ash per 10 liters of water. The mixture is insisted for a day. For 1 m 2, 0.5 liters of fertilizer are consumed.
The last time is fed 14-20 days after harvest. They use phosphorus-potassium fertilizers or complex preparations, for example "AVA", "Autumn". During this period, the plant needs calcium. Chalk can be added to the soil at the rate of 300 g per 1 m 2.
The lack of useful trace elements is signaled by the following signs:
In this case, the tree should be sprayed with the universal fertilizer "Zdraven", "Good Power" or "Ideal".
Crown formation begins the next year after planting the seedling. The simplest option is considered to be a sparse tiered. Such a crown has 3-4 tiers, each of which consists of 4-6 skeletal branches. The distance between them is 45-60 cm. The central shoot is cut at a height of 30-40 cm from the last tier. It will take about 4 years to reach the correct configuration. Further, the crown is only supported in the desired form.
Northern apricot Triumph is cut in this way:
In addition to formative, the tree requires sanitary pruning. It consists in the removal of tops, damaged and dried branches, affected by the disease and thickening the crown of the shoots. The branches are cut with a pruner or saw. In the spring, the procedure must be carried out until the buds have blossomed. Sections are treated with garden pitch.
As the tree ages, the total crop mass moves to the side and top shoots, making harvesting more difficult. Therefore, the Northern Triumph apricot must be periodically rejuvenated:
Harvesting of the North Triumph apricot variety falls on the beginning of August. To the touch, the ripe fruit is hard and soft at the same time, it looks like a ball filled with water. The fruit is harvested by hand, because when the tree is shaken, the apricots fall and are damaged. For storage, they are placed in shallow boxes, but they are stored only for one to two weeks in the refrigerator. If apricots are stored in a warm room, they become hard.
Excellent jam, jelly, compotes, juice are made from apricots, dried fruits are made.
Triumph north is great for winter harvesting
The Northern Triumph belongs to the early-growing varieties. He gives a crop already in the 5th year of life. If a large number of fruits have formed on a young tree, and the branches are still too weak for such a load, then the ovaries need to be thinned out. The calculation is as follows: 1 apricot for 20 leaves. A plant over 10 years old, with proper care, gives from 20 to 60 kg per season.
The fruits of this variety ripen in late July - early August. The crop should be harvested in clear weather, in the morning at 10-11 o'clock, when the dew dries up, or in the evening at 17-19 o'clock. Apricots harvested raw are poorly stored and short-lived. If you plan to transport the fruits, then it is better to collect them during the period of the so-called technical maturity - a few days before full ripening.
The Northern Triumph is perfect for both canned food and fresh food.
The Northern Triumph is perfect for both canned food and fresh food
The Northern Triumph is so named for a reason - the variety, due to its frost resistance and unpretentiousness, is suitable for growing in the Moscow region, the middle zone of the country, in Siberia. He fell in love with gardeners for its early maturity and high yield. In addition, in spring, the garden becomes especially beautiful due to the early flowering of the Northern Triumph.
Fruits begin to ripen in July and bear fruit until the end of August. The initial harvest is small, no more than five kilograms. However, after 3-4 years, the apricot tree fully yields a crop - up to 60 kilograms per copy.
Apricot variety Northern Triumph impresses with its taste. The fruit is eaten raw, dried, harvested for the winter. Particular preference is given to the seeds of the fruit, they have a bright taste of almonds. Nuclei are used to treat malignant tumors, used for the preparation of cream, fillings, yogurt.
As already mentioned in the description of the variety, the fruits are resistant to temperature extremes, therefore they perfectly tolerate transportation. It is better to transport fruits at the moment of technical maturity, when the pulp is still firm, but they have already acquired the appropriate color.
It is recommended to harvest in clear weather, when the moisture from the grass has already evaporated, since, when harvesting, a cold snap can impair the taste of the fruit.
Growing apricots in the very heart of Russia is the dream of many gardeners. And it is achievable. Apricot trees are already filling orchards with their wonderful flowering and generous harvest not only in the southern regions of the country.