Growing and medicinal properties of Rhodiola rosea


Golden root - Rhodiola rosea

There are plants that are legendary. First of all, ginseng can be attributed to them. One has only to ask someone about it, and he enthusiastically begins to enumerate the amazing properties of the relict plant. But the golden root is no less famous. True, most people do not always know that the real biological name of this plant is Rhodiola rosea. Rhodiola got its second, intriguing name because of the bronze-golden glow of its rhizome.

The very name Rhodiola comes from the Greek word meaning "rose flower", since when the rhizome breaks, it exudes a scent reminiscent of pink.

Rhodiola rosea (Rhodiola rosea) - dioecious perennial herb. The concept of dioecious means that the male and female flowers are on different plants. Radiola has juicy, fleshy leaves and stems up to half a meter high. It is referred to as deciduous succulents. Rhodiola's flowers are small, collected in inflorescences at the top of the stems. Since there are a lot of renewal buds on its rhizome, usually Rhodiola rosea forms a bush with an abundance of stems - up to 15.

Such a bush looks very impressive, especially during flowering. And it is no coincidence that Rhodiola can be found not only in the gardener's and summer residents' pharmacy beds, but also in flower beds. It is often planted on alpine hills, where it organically fits into the composition of other alpine plants.

It is very important that you can grow your own valuable rhizomes. Indeed, in natural conditions in the growing area - in the Altai mountains, in Eastern Siberia, in the Urals and the Far East, as a result of the active collection of medicinal raw materials, the number of plants has significantly decreased, and now Rhodiola rosea is listed in the Red Book of Russia.

Growing Rhodiola rosea

Therefore, anyone who wants to use this plant for medicinal purposes should try to grow it in their garden. Agricultural technology is not very difficult, the main thing is to get seeds, and even better - a piece of rhizome with several renewal buds. Seeds in Rhodiola rosea, they are small, so they are sown on the soil surface, mixed with sand, in autumn (in October) or early spring. They sprout hard, stratification is desirable.

It is better to prepare a small bed for breeding Rhodiola in the fall. Soils for Rhodiola require fertile, light in composition without excess moisture. When seedlings appear, you need to take care of them - loosen the soil, water regularly, weed out weeds on plantings, feed them - it is better with organic fertilizers, for example, fermented slurry thoroughly diluted with water. It is advisable to shade delicate young seedlings for the first time. They are transplanted from a distribution bed to a permanent place in the garden at the age of two.

A more efficient way to breed Rhodiola rosea is vegetative - a piece of rhizome, on which there should be several buds. When planting on a garden bed, the rhizome is not buried - the buds should be close to the soil surface. According to experts, it is best to divide the rhizome for reproduction in April or at the end of July. Since Rhodiola rosea is a dioecious plant, having bought one rhizome for reproduction, you will not receive seeds - male and female flowers are on different plants. We'll have to propagate only vegetatively.

Tuberous rhizomes of Rhodiola rosea are dug up no earlier than the fourth year of the plant's life. The bush should be strong, overgrown. Rhizomes are not harvested from plants with only 1-2 stems. You can start digging out the rhizomes at the end of flowering, and this can be done until the end of the growing season.

The dug rhizomes are carefully washed in running water, then dried in the shade in a draft. Then it is divided transversely into small pieces. A characteristic difference between rhizomes of Rhodiola is that when a fresh rhizome is cut, an aroma resembling pink appears. Experts recommend finally drying the crushed rhizomes in dryers at a temperature of 50 ... 60 ° C. Do not dry in the sun. Store the harvested raw material of the golden root in a sealed glass container in the dark for 2-3 years.

Therapeutic Uses of Golden Root

Now Rhodiola rosea, which is also popularly called Siberian ginseng, Is a very popular medicinal plant. Scientists have found almost 140 different components in its underground part. The rhizomes and roots of the plant contain essential oils, rhodioloside glycoside, tyrosol, tannins, malic, gallic, citric, succinic, oxalic acids, glucose and sucrose ...

It contains substances that stimulate the nervous system, they also increase the resistance of the human body to various adverse environmental influences.

Therefore, in scientific medicine extract from roots and rhizomes of golden root used for neuroses, hypotension, with physical and mental fatigue, with vegetative-vascular dystonia. Preparations from it are recommended to increase mental performance, improve memory. They increase the body's resistance to adverse influences, help with impotence.

There are, like any medicinal plant, contraindications... Preparations of the golden root should not be taken with increased excitability, hypertension, psychosis!

If you were able to grow a golden root in your garden and dry it as described above, then you can prepare medicines yourself, for example, a tincture or a decoction.

To prepare a tincture of the golden root, grind the dried rhizome into powder and fill it with vodka in a ratio of 1: 5 and leave in a dark place at room temperature for at least three weeks. After the end of the infusion, strain - the tincture is ready. You need to take it carefully: 20 drops three times a day 20 minutes before meals in case of overwork, to increase immunity and in diabetes mellitus.

It is not difficult to make a decoction of the rhizome of the golden root. To do this, pour 1 teaspoon of root powder with a glass of boiling water and then boil for 15-20 minutes. Then the broth must be defended and filtered. Take it 1 tablespoon three times a day before meals - for fatigue and diabetes.

Before starting taking medications from this plant, it is advisable to consult a doctor.

E. Valentinov


Botanical characteristics of Rhodiola rosea

Rhodiola rosea is a herbaceous perennial plant that grows no more than half a meter. The plant has a thick and powerful rhizome and fleshy roots. On erect stems, cupped leaves are located, which are colored dark green at the top of the stem. At the top of the stem is the apical inflorescence. The leaves of the plant are sessile, they can be elliptical or oblong. There are uneven teeth on the edges of the leaves. Rhodiola flowers are unisexual. Small yellow flowers of the plant are collected in a corymbose inflorescence.

Rhodiola fruit is a leaflet that comes in red and yellow-green colors. The plant blooms from June to August. The fruits ripen in August.

The plant is found on stony placers, in the tundra plain, on rocks, on the banks of a mountain river and stream. Rhodiola grows in Russia, in East Kazakhstan and in regions of Siberia.

Reproduction of Rhodiola rosea

Rhodiola is most commonly propagated by seed. Sowing seeds is done either in late autumn or winter. The seeds are sown in a box with nutrient soil, into which air can easily penetrate. At the bottom of the box there should be expanded clay. A weak solution of potassium permanganate is poured into the soil and compacted a little. Further, plant seeds are evenly distributed over the entire surface, lightly pressing them. Sand is poured over the seeds with a layer of 2 mm. A film is thrown over the box and the box is taken out onto the balcony (you can go to the garden). In the month of March, the box should be moved to a warm, well-lit place. After a couple of days, seedlings will appear. Now we remove the film and water the seedlings carefully and slowly. Seedlings are transplanted when there are 2 real leaves on them. The transplant is carried out using a match, with which you need to make a hole and use a match to pry the plant along with a piece of earth and transfer it to a new hole.

Rhodiola can be propagated by dividing the rhizomes. This requires plants that are at least 2 years old and whose rhizomes weigh at least 30 grams. The rhizome is divided into 2 parts, and the cut is treated with ash. Ready rhizomes are planted in prepared holes, in which there is already humus in the amount of 900 grams. Compost or humus is also poured over the rhizomes, but the renewal buds should be on the surface. A little watering of the rhizomes, do mulching with peat.

Useful properties of rhodiola

Rhodiola has many beneficial properties, for example, it improves heart function and increases blood pressure, promotes the secretion of bile. The roots of the plant contain substances that are used to stop bleeding and restore the body's strength after great fatigue. Rhodiola is used as an excellent tonic and sedative.

Rhodiola is used for poor appetite, metabolic disorders and various kinds of inflammation. And also drugs from rhodiola are used as an antipyretic or antiallergenic agent. Rhodiola is used to treat acute and chronic radiation injuries, overheating or hypothermia. Rhodiola quickly heals wounds, improves eyesight and improves hearing.

Rhodiola tincture is used as a stimulant for the central nervous system. Rhodiola has a good effect on pulmonary tuberculosis, skin diseases and bone fractures. And also rhodiola has a tonic effect. It is used not only inside the body, but also externally, it has also found application: they make lotions and baths.

Application of Rhodiola rosea

Rhodiola treats many diseases and ailments, and this is what she owes to the beneficial substances it contains. It is used for diarrhea, headache, scurvy, menorrhagia, gout, scrofula and diabetes mellitus. Externally, rhodiola is used to treat conjunctivitis, abscesses, and skin rashes. Its juice can be used to lubricate the gums with pyorrhea. Rhodiola juice cleanses wounds. Rhodiola preparations help with impotence, gynecological diseases and anemia.

Rhodiola tincture. To prepare it, you need to take 50 grams of the root of the plant and grind it into powder, pour it with 2 glasses of vodka. Leaving it to infuse for 14 days in a dark place, shake it periodically. Having filtered the finished tincture, it is taken 20-30 drops three times a day half an hour before meals. This tincture is also accepted by people who have a tendency to hypotension, although at first the tincture should be taken no more than 5 drops three times a day (but over time, the tincture is brought to 10 drops).

Collection to enhance immunity. Take 20 grams of rhodiola roots, the same amount of zamaniha roots and rose hips. Add 15 grams of hawthorn and nettle fruits to this as well. To this mixture, it remains to add only 10 grams of St. John's wort. Now we take 1 tablespoon of the collection and fill it with a glass of boiling water. Put on fire for 10 minutes and remove from heat. We leave to infuse for 4 hours and filter. Raw materials from the broth must be squeezed out and thrown away, and then boiled water must be added so that there is about 200 ml. Take a ready-made collection of 70 ml three times a day.

Infusion of rhodiola for colds, heart weakness. We take 10 grams of plant roots, grind them and pour a glass of boiling water. Leave it to brew for 4 hours and filter. Take a ready-made infusion for half a glass three times a day. This infusion is used for nervous diseases and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

In folk medicine, decoctions containing rhodiola rosea are used to effectively treat such serious diseases as diarrhea, menorrhagia, fever, headaches, scurvy. Often, such a herb is prescribed for respiratory infections, to relieve fatigue and effectively increase performance. Rhodiola rosea is effective for scrofula, diabetes mellitus, anemia, stomach ailments, impotence and severe toothache.

With conjunctivitis and all kinds of skin problems, the plant is prescribed externally in the form of poultices and lotions, which are also effective for treating gums in pyorrhea (gum decay). Moreover, preparations with pink rhodiola are indicated for various gynecological diseases.

To increase immunity, it is recommended to mix 20 grams of pink rhodiola roots, 20 grams of rose hips, 15 grams of ripe hawthorn fruits, 10 grams of St. John's wort, and 20 grams of dense roots of zamanihi. For one and a half tablespoons of such a mixture, you should take a glass of boiling water. Pour boiling water over the mixture and boil for 10 minutes. After 4 hours of infusion, it is necessary to strain the agent and squeeze out the raw materials. Add boiling water to the resulting broth to make a glass. The broth should be taken 60-70 ml 3 times a day. This tool can also be used for lotions.

It is recommended to use alcohol tincture to stimulate the central nervous system.

Rhodiola rosea root

For medicinal purposes, rhizomes are isolated from pink Rhodiola. They should be harvested in July or August. To do this, you need to dig up the roots, thoroughly wash them from soil particles in cool water, then clean them of brown plugs and rotten parts. After that, you need to cut the rhizome across into small pieces, the length of which will be about 10 cm. And only then dry the raw material at a temperature of at least 50 ° C.

Rhodiola rosea tincture

For the correct preparation of such a product, it is recommended to take 50 grams of crushed plant roots, which should be poured with 400 grams of vodka. After that, we set aside the mixture to infuse in a dark place for 14 days. It is advisable to shake the container once every few days. Before use, filter the finished tincture and use first 5 drops, gradually bringing to 20 drops. The product is used orally 20 minutes before each meal. Such a wonderful tincture is indicated for patients prone to hypotension.

Rhodiola rosea infusion

Therapeutic infusion of rosea Rhodiola is prescribed for heart weakness and frequent colds. For its preparation, we take 10-15 grams of roots, which we thoroughly grind and fill with 250 grams of boiling water. After 4 hours, strain the mixture through a fine strainer or cheesecloth. A ready-made infusion of 80-100 ml is taken 3 times a day. It should also be noted that this remedy is indicated for ailments of the gastrointestinal tract and for nervous diseases.

Rhodiola rosea decoction

Miraculous decoctions of pink rhodiola significantly improve the functioning of the heart and an important cardiovascular system. Vessels become stronger, more functional and more resilient. Often, a decoction is prescribed for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, uterine bleeding, as well as for impotence. Such a remedy promotes effective treatment of the thyroid gland and regulates blood sugar levels. With toothache and anemia, such a wonderful decoction will greatly alleviate the patient's condition. And also a healing decoction from the upper part of pink rhodiola is used for cosmetic purposes to wipe the skin.

Rhodiola rosea for children

Various decoctions and tinctures of pink rhodiola, as well as numerous preparations containing this herb, are not recommended for children under 12 years of age. Otherwise, skin rashes, nausea and vomiting may appear.

Contraindications of Rhodiola rosea

Despite the fact that Rhodiola rosea normalizes blood pressure, both low and high, nevertheless, it should not be taken in case of severe hypertensive crisis! Since this herb has a stimulating effect.

In addition, the dosage of the drug prescribed by the doctor should be strictly observed.

The author of the article: Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna | Phytotherapist

Education: Diploma in the specialty "General Medicine" and "Therapy" received at the University named after NI Pirogov (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Peoples' Friendship University of Moscow (2008).
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Reproduction methods

Radiola reproduces quite simply and quickly by sowing seeds or dividing the root.

To obtain the root and seeds, it is necessary to sow a perennial. In this case, seeds can be harvested only in the second or third year. Sowing should be carried out before winter or early spring directly into open ground or in containers. Seeds should be scattered over the surface of the ground and the planting should be covered with foil or glass.

The container with seeds is buried in the ground for the winter, and in the spring they are transplanted to a sunny place, again in the container.

For spring sowing, the seeds must first be stratified, for which the soaked seeds for 24 hours in a stimulant solution are placed in the refrigerator. In the refrigerator, they should be in moist sawdust and stay there for about one month.

Using the root for propagation can significantly speed up the process. Plants divided in the root system are best planted in the fall. Each part must have at least two buds. Treat the cut areas with charcoal powder, and after a few days, plant them in the ground, deepening one and a half centimeters.


Growing and medicinal properties of Rhodiola rosea - garden and vegetable garden


RODIOLA PINK (GOLDEN ROOT)

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF

For many centuries, smugglers have exported this plant from Altai as the greatest value. Rhodiola pink often equated with gold, and so the name appeared - the golden root.

This is a nondescript perennial from the fatty family. It has a powerful fleshy rhizome, the mass of which can reach 3, 5 kg.

Rhodiola rosea is called because of its scent: the entire root system has an aroma of essential oil rose. When properly dried, this aroma is enhanced.

The stem in our conditions (p. Samokhvalovichi, Minsk district) reaches a height of 30 cm. The leaves are oblong, toothed, fleshy. The flowers are small in corymbose inflorescences, yellow and yellow-greenish.

Plant regrowth begins as soon as the soil warms up to 5 ° C. At the end of May the seeds are already ripe. Then the entire above-ground part begins to wither sharply and disappears by the middle of summer. It seems as if the plant has died. But this is not so: buds are being laid, they have a reddish tint. New shoots will form from these buds next spring.

AGROTECHNICS OF GROWING

The plant is drought-resistant, feels good on light sandy loam soils.

Rhodiola pink best propagated vegetatively, with a piece of rhizome with buds. They start work in August - September, April - May. The distance between rows is 30-40 cm, between plants in a row is 30 cm. Care includes regular weeding, fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers, watering is effective (until the aboveground part dies off).

FOR HOME PHARMACY

The main and most accessible preparation of the golden root for medicinal use is its alcoholic extract, which is obtained from crushed roots and rhizomes in a 1: 1 ratio. The final extract is a dark brown liquid with a rose scent.

When the extract is taken in a dose of 15 drops 3 times a day, after a few days, general weakness, a feeling of weakness in the morning, fatigue, and drowsiness during the day disappear or decrease (without further disturbance of night sleep).

Rhodiola preparations have a weak and short-term hypoglycemic effect, slow down the development of atherosclerosis, increase the secretion of bile.


Rhodiola rosea - properties

Rhodiola rosea is a succulent perennial plant that belongs to the jumbo family. It has straight stems, reaching a height of about 40 cm, fleshy gray leaves, flowers with yellow or greenish petals. Rhodiola blooms from late spring to mid-summer. The main value is a fleshy tuberous rhizome, which has a bitter astringent taste and smells like the color of a rose. Rhodiola rosea grows mainly in mountainous regions, preferring the cold climate of the Urals, Eastern Siberia, and the coast of the northern seas.

The plant golden root (Rhodiola rosea) acquired medicinal properties due to its unique chemical composition, studied in detail in the 60s of the last century. Scientists paid close attention to the underground part of the bush, to which traditional healers have always attributed the most useful properties. Indeed, many of the qualities of the unique medicinal raw materials were confirmed, because more than 140 biologically active substances were found in it. Let's list some of the ingredients that make up the roots and rhizomes of Rhodiola rosea:

  • organic acids (malic, citric, succinic, oxalic)
  • flavonoids (tricin, astragalin, kaempferol, rhodiosin, rhodiolin)
  • glycosides (including rhodioloside)
  • trace elements (copper, silver, manganese, zinc)
  • tannins
  • anthraquinones
  • coumarins
  • phenols
  • sterols
  • alkaloids
  • glucose
  • fructose
  • essential oils
  • cinnamon alcohol.

The list of medicinal properties characteristic of products based on the root part of pink rhodiola include:

  • antibacterial
  • pain relievers
  • adaptogenic
  • tonic
  • anti-inflammatory
  • antioxidant
  • immunocorrecting
  • cardioprotective
  • neuroprotective
  • laxatives
  • anticancer
  • antimetastatic
  • hemostatic
  • choleretic
  • anti-allergic and others.


Rhodiola rosea recipes

Rhodiola rosea tea recipe

The simplest preparation from Rhodiola rosea is tea. A liter of water is poured into an incomplete teaspoon of crushed root. You can also make tea in another way. Also pour an incomplete teaspoon of chopped roots with boiling water and cook for 5-10 minutes over very low heat. Drink 2/3 cup 15 minutes before meals. A liter should be enough for two days. Drink this tea for 20 days, then take a break for ten days, then again for 20 days, rest for 10 days and drink another 20 days. Drink tea twice a year.

Rhodiola rosea, golden root. © EugeneNatureObserver

Rhodiola rosea find recipe

In addition to tea, they prepare a tincture of Rhodiola rosea on vodka. Take 50 g of crushed rhizomes, place them in a 500-gram bottle and pour vodka to the very neck. Close the bottle well and place in a dark, but not cold place. The tincture will be ready in 20 days. Take the tincture in the same way: three times for 20 days with a break of 10 days.

You need to start taking the tincture with 1 drop in half a glass of water, 3 times a day 15 minutes before meals. Add 1 drop to each dose every day and so on until you get to 10 drops per dose. The course of treatment is 60 days. You cannot take large quantities of tea or tincture.


Rhodiola rosea decoction

Miraculous decoctions of pink rhodiola significantly improve the functioning of the heart and an important cardiovascular system. Vessels become stronger, more functional and more resilient. Often, a decoction is prescribed for diseases of housing and communal services, uterine bleeding, as well as for impotence. Such a remedy promotes effective treatment of the thyroid gland and regulates blood sugar levels. With toothache and anemia, such a wonderful decoction will greatly alleviate the patient's condition. And also a healing decoction from the upper part of pink rhodiola is used to wipe the skin for cosmetic purposes.



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