Asparagus attracts flower growers not only with its pretty appearance - caring for it at home is quite simple. The main thing is to try to provide the green inhabitant with conditions close to natural, and not to forget about watering. However, to get beautiful lush greenery, you need to adhere to certain rules, surrounding the indoor flower with proper care.
The rich green color of asparagus is highly dependent on lighting.
The rich green color of asparagus largely depends on the lighting: it is best to place a planter with a potted flower in a place where enough bright light will fall on it. However, keep in mind that only Sprenger's asparagus, while other common species (for example, feathery), on the contrary, need to be protected from direct sun.
An ideal place to place indoor asparagus would be a window sill in the northwest window or in the northeast window. A light-loving plant will feel good near the western or eastern window, closed with a tulle curtain. In the case when the room is located on the south side, the pot with weightless greenery should be placed at some distance from the window. In winter, indoor asparagus may lack natural light, during this period it is recommended to temporarily move it closer to sunlight.
Video about asparagus
To prevent openwork greens from suffering from dry air, place indoor asparagus away from batteries in winter.
Asparagus should not be exposed to intense light immediately after purchase or after a dormant period. Give him a transitional stage with shading, let him gradually adapt to the light. And if you decide to put the plant on the balcony or in the garden for the summer, take a few days for its preliminary "hardening" and accustoming to new conditions.
As for the temperature comfortable for asparagus, in most cases + 22 + 25 degrees will be enough in the warm season and + 12 + 15 degrees in winter. The fluffy "Christmas trees" can hardly endure the heat: on hot summer days, additional shading and spraying of the sufferers will be required. In winter, when the temperature drops to 0, the stems of a sensitive flower can shed all the needles.
In winter, when the temperature drops to 0, the stems of a sensitive flower can shed all the needle leaves.
Since indoor asparagus appreciates moisture and is afraid of drying out, special attention should be paid to watering with sprays. Of course, during hibernation, it does not need to be filled with water, it is better to water it often, but little by little, using water at room temperature. Keep the potting medium constantly moist.
With the appearance of young greenery in early spring, watering will need to be systematically increased: during the period of active growth of shoots, the plant will need frequent and abundant watering. Try to add enough water so that the top layer of the soil has time to dry out, and at depth the soil remains moist enough. The average watering requirement of asparagus in the warm season is 3 times a week.
With the appearance of young greenery in early spring, watering will need to be systematically increased
Air humidity for this tropical culture is of great importance. Frequent spraying enhances the brightness of the greenery and has a positive effect on its decorative qualities. A lot of benefits are brought to the plant and soul. If the air in your apartment is too dry, place a container filled with water near the flowerpot with a flower, or pour river sand into the pan and water it from time to time. Wood moss will also work instead of sand, but it will have to be replaced with a new one every year.
Asparagus is characterized by intensive growth, in connection with which it constantly needs nutrients. During the growing season, it is recommended to feed the plant every 10-14 days, using complex fertilizers diluted in water (for example, "Rainbow"). It will be helpful to apply organic fertilizer (for example, diluted bird droppings) to the soil once a season. During the rest period, there is no special need for feeding.
The capricious asparagus does not like to be disturbed unnecessarily. Therefore, it is worth replanting it only if the pot has become too small for the overgrown root system. It is quite possible that a transplant will be required immediately after purchasing a flower, because stores usually use small containers that are cramped for plants.
Capricious asparagus does not like to be disturbed unnecessarily
The transplant technology is simple:
It is enough to replant adult asparagus every three years in order to replace the depleted soil with fresh one. The best time for the next transshipment is early spring, before the active growth of shoots begins.
You can use the next transplant for propagation of indoor asparagus: for this, either carefully divide the rhizome and plant it in different containers, or take the shoots of the last year as cuttings and root them in the same way as herbaceous cuttings of a rose.
Sometimes, one glance at a plant is enough to determine what kind of trouble happened to it.
It doesn't matter what type of indoor asparagus grows in your apartment: Meyer, Sprenger or pinnate asparagus, caring for this crop can be complicated due to various unfavorable factors. Sometimes one glance at a plant is enough to determine what kind of trouble happened to it:
Asparagus care video
In addition, asparagus is susceptible to attack by common indoor flower pests. Ticks can settle on it, which you can easily guess from the characteristic light spots on the leaves. As an effective remedy against ticks, it is recommended to use an acaricide solution for double spraying of the flower crown (with an interval of several days). If small winged greenhouse thrips are found that cause yellowing of the foliage, it is necessary to treat the asparagus with karbofos three times within a month and increase the air humidity.
Colonies of waxworms are quickly destroyed by medical alcohol: just moisten a sponge in it and wipe the affected area. Treatment with an alcohol solution also helps in the fight against scabbards.
When caring for asparagus, do not destroy it by pruning. It is worth cutting off the growing shoot, and it will soon die off, and the rhizome will begin to spend energy on the formation of a new stem. Therefore, when forming indoor asparagus, pruning is excluded, using fastening on supports to improve the decorativeness of the flower.
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Asparagus (lat. Aspáragus) has a more familiar name - asparagus. This plant is from the Asparagus or Asparagus family, depending on the species, it can be both grass and shrub. The plant lives in Europe, Asia and Africa. More than 300 species of asparagus are known, but the most widespread is “medicinal asparagus”. It is eaten and considered a gourmet delicacy. The same edible species include "short-leaved asparagus" and "whorled".
Asparagus is an unusual plant. At first glance, it seems that on densely branched stems, instead of leaves, there are sharp needles. Outwardly it is, but the “needles” are soft and pleasant to the touch. This type of leaf is called claudium
Asparagus in a pot will perfectly fit into any interior.
Grow indoor flower Asparagus easy enough. It is necessary to maintain favorable conditions for it, such as optimal temperature, moderate humidity and an acceptable location. In such conditions, Asparagus will develop very quickly. This flower grows indoors, but you can take it outside in warm weather and put it in partial shade. Asparagus must be protected from drafts, and in the fall it is brought back into the room. Outdoors Asparagus is grown only in Europe with a temperate climate, and also in partial shade.
The temperature for growing Asparagus in winter can be 7-8 ° C, and in summer no more than 25 ° C. The average temperature for plant development should be 15-18 ° C. Asparagus does not tolerate hot dry air, so this plant should not be placed next to batteries.
Air humidity for Asparagus should be high. This can be achieved by frequently spraying the plant with water, or by placing the flower pot in a tray filled with expanded clay or river pebbles.
Asparagus needs moderate lighting, but it cannot be placed in direct sunlight.
Watering and feeding. Asparagus requires abundant watering 2-3 times a week, in summer. Also, once a week, you need to feed the plant with liquid fertilizer at the rate of 5 grams per bucket of water. In winter, the soil should be slightly moist.
Asparagus transplant can only be produced in spring, when the pot is completely filled with roots. The soil for the plant is needed with an acidity of 5.5-7 pH. Dust from Asparagus is removed by conventional spraying. Do not use luster solution.
Asparagus is usually propagated by seeds. In early spring, asparagus seeds are sown in the soil with the addition of coarse sand to improve drainage. Seedlings in the room need moderate humidity, a temperature of about 20 ° C and periodic ventilation. When the seedlings reach 7-8 cm, they must be cut down. In July, it needs to be transplanted into pots 8-10 cm in size. The final transplant is carried out in the same fall or next spring. Another way that Asparagus can be propagated is by dividing the root of an adult plant. This procedure can be done in early spring.
Tick - light spots form on the leaves. The means of controlling these pests are acaricides or increased moisture.
Wax worms - form colonies on the shoots of the plant. They are removed with a rag or cotton pads, which are moistened with alcohol. From the worms, a liquid is formed, on which a rabble can appear, leading the plant to death.
Lack of nitrogen and iron - the plant slows down and turns yellow. In this case, he needs periodic feeding.
The amazing and beautiful asparagus plant pleases people with the decorative crown in the flower bed, in the apartment. Garden vegetables of medicinal asparagus are used in cooking and medicine. They give health, thanks to the beneficial substances in its roots, young shoots.
Description and features of asparagus
Asparagus, one of the representatives of the Asparagus family, but recently it has been isolated as a separate genus of Asparagusovs. They grow in the form of perennial shrubs, lianas of emerald grasses. The plant is native to tropical countries with a humid climate: Asia, Europe, South Africa, America, the Caucasus.
It is successfully grown in home and garden culture. Several species are known as medicinal and culinary representatives. Stems, roots, which contain trace elements and vitamins, are considered useful in the plant.
Asparagus flowers they are not distinguished by special beauty, on the contrary, they are small, nondescript, sticking out of the axils of tiny leaves. The shrubs are covered with needle-shaped twigs, which give it a special charm and decorative effect. Their height reaches up to 1.5 meters.
The root system with horizontal rhizomes is well developed. The fruit is in the form of a berry with several large seeds, which have a thick, blackish shell.
Planting and breeding asparagus
Asparagus at home loves loose, slightly acidic, fertile soil. Vases should be chosen voluminous, in them to lay clay-sod, leafy soil with the addition of river sand.
Plant garden asparagus in sunny areas with well-drained soil. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that garden specimens are long-livers and occupy one place for up to 20 years.
Pictured asparagus asparagus
The location of not shade-loving bushes near them is undesirable. Since they tend to grow strongly and clog nearby sitting plants. Grow asparagus can be from seeds and vegetatively.
Reproduction asparagus from seeds:
Seeds retain their germination capacity for several years if stored properly (dry place).
Before sowing, the planting material is soaked for several days. Since they wake up quickly, a growth promoter is not required for it.
Optimum planting time is March. There is a sufficient amount of light at this time. Sowing earlier will be complicated by additional seedling lighting.
The seeds are sown in the prepared substrate and covered with a plastic cap.
Maintain the temperature in the range of 21-23 degrees C.
Under favorable conditions (airing, spraying), seedlings will appear in one month.
As soon as the seedlings grow up to 10 cm, they are ready to dive.
Prepare separate small containers for seedlings. Since after 30 days they will again need to be transplanted into other flowerpots. Now in volumetric ones.
There is one feature of the plant - the rapid growth of rhizomes and pushing out the soil. Therefore, the pots are not filled with nutrient soil to the very top.
Reproduction of asparagus division of rhizomes:
Adult specimens of 3 years old are suitable for this type of reproduction. Since they have a well-built root system and will not suffer much during division.
It is a good idea to combine the procedure with the spring transshipment of an adult plant. The bushes will simultaneously receive rejuvenation and new specimens.
The plant is carefully pulled out of the flowerpot, divided into divisions. Do not forget to inspect the rhizome and remove old, rotten elements.
Each part is planted in a separate container with fertile and well-drained soil.
Plants undergo severe stress during this procedure. To reduce it, place the pots in a dark place with a temperature of no more than 15 degrees C.
Keep the plant in such conditions for 30 days. Watering it periodically.
Then, take out to a bright place.
Reproduction by cuttings is rarely used, since, in general, the procedure is doomed to failure. But if you nevertheless decide to use this method, then the cuttings are prepared in the spring. Prepare containers with wet sand, where the twigs sit.
Pictured asparagus purple asparagus
Cover them with glass jars to create the right microclimate. While rooting will take place, ventilate and spray the cuttings. The result should be expected in 1-1.5 months. Transplant the cuttings into nutrient soil.
At home asparagus care you will need the following:
Choose a place with diffused light. Since direct sunlight provokes the discharge of needles.
In summer, keep at a temperature of 20-24 degrees C. In winter, reduce the flower content to 17 degrees C. Positively, the plant refers to walking in the garden, on the terrace, balcony.
Watering should be abundant. Dry soil is the signal for re-irrigation. In winter, make sure that the ground does not dry out. Overflowing, drying out the soil equally negatively affects asparagus - it turns yellow, dries. The flower is positive for spraying. It is especially worth watching this when the radiators are turned on.
Asparagus transplant young specimens are held every spring. Adult bushes need this once every 2 years. In this case, use the transshipment method, then the bushes suffer to a lesser extent. To do this, remove the contents from the pot, inspect the roots, remove obsolete ones. Prepare a flowerpot 2 cm larger than the previous one and plant it with a lump of earth. Fill with nutritious soil around. At first, keep in the shade, then you can expose to the light.
All active growth is accompanied by fertilizing with complex fertilizers 1 time in 7 days. Change periodically organic matter with mineral fertilizers.
Conduct sanitary pruning.
Types and varieties of asparagus
Numerous asparagus species can be conditionally divided into decorative, medicinal and culinary plants. They are grown in the garden and at home. Among the indoor subspecies, the most famous are:
Asparagus Meyer (Asparagus meyeri). Grows as a small shrub up to 50 cm in length. But the spreading one can boast among other indoor asparagus. The branches reach up to 6 meters in girth.
Lateral shoots are modified and have no leaves. As a result, the branch is covered with fluffy needles, like a "fox's tail". The needles have a soft structure, although the appearance is menacing.
Fragrant white flowers allow the shrub to be used in living compositions. Buy asparagus can be ordered at the nursery or online. The cost of a flower in a pot is estimated at 1000 rubles.
In the photo, crescent asparagus
Asparagus crescent (Asparagus falcatus). It is a liana or shrub. Escapes homemade asparagus have the appearance of lignified branches of an emerald hue, covered with thorns, hook-shaped. It is they who help to cling to foreign objects to stretch up to 7 meters in length. In the wild, the flower lives in the mountainous regions of Asia.
Asparagus Sprenger (Asparagusden siflorus Sprengeri). The shrub is grown for decorative purposes. The shoots are endowed with needles. The branches of an emerald shade create a unique crown in the form of a spreading bush. Burgundy fruits ripen from white inflorescences, gathering in an ear.
In the photo, Sprenger's asparagus
Asparagus Cirrus (Asparagus plumosus). Shoots are curved. In the process of development, the stems have lost their leaves and now these are phylloclades collected in bunches. Perennial blooms with snow-white buds, very small in size. The fruits are black with a blue tint.
In the photo, pinnate asparagus
Asparagus (asparagus) or asparagus asparagus. Its roots go back to South Africa. An unusual picture is created by a decorative shrub in the house, when instead of fragrant white flowers, bright red fruits appear.
Among the garden subspecies, the most famous are:
Medicinal asparagus (Asparagus officinalis). It is referred to as a vegetable culture, as it is actively used in food: raw, boiled, fried and is considered a delicacy. How a surrogate is added to coffee. It is cultivated and grown for sale.
In the photo, medicinal asparagus
If we talk about its natural places, then it can be found in the vastness of the Caucasus, the Balkans. In the small axils of the leaves, needle-shaped green twigs develop. Shoots grow at an acute angle to the stem.
The original red fruits contain numerous black seeds. Roots and young shoots are used in traditional medicine. Preparations based on them have laxative, diuretic, vasodilating properties. Traditional medicine offers decoctions that are used for pain in the heart.
Pictured asparagus white asparagus (Asparagus L.). It is called the most useful, expensive vegetable crop. Young shoots are used in cooking. One plant can give up to 8 shoots. Only one side dish can be prepared from this amount.
Hence its not cheap price of 1,320 rubles per kg. Early asparagus is white until it is touched by the sun's rays. Then, its color takes on a green and purple hue.
To keep the color of asparagus in its original form, ripe shoots are placed in a building, with a temperature of 1 degree C. In such conditions, asparagus can be stored for 2 weeks.
Diseases and pests of asparagus
Often the cause of the disease plant asparagus there may be improper care:
As a result, insufficient watering of the soil, sunburn, insufficient moisture, asparagus turns yellow.
Spots on the leaves. Reason: sunburn. Treatment: normalize consecration.
Pale shade of leaves. Reason: lack of light. Treatment: rearrange the plant closer to diffused light.
Rust. Symptoms: yellow plaque appears on the needles. Over time, the color will change to a darker one. As a result of infection, dehydration is observed, and the needles fall off.
Struggle: treat the plant at the first symptoms with Bordeaux liquid or a preparation containing sulfur in its composition. Also, the plant can be affected by pests, the most common:
Thrips. Pests mainly attack young shoots indoor asparagus... Sucking insects pierce the needle-like branch of the plant and suck out the life-giving sap.
In the photo asparagus tenuifolius
Fight: Vacuum the insects. If buds appear, pluck. With a strong infection of the flower, change the flowerpot, soil, and treat the plant with insecticides.
Asparagus rattle. In horticultural culture, insects lay larvae. They eat bush leaves, fruit seeds. As a preventive measure, in early spring, spray the bushes with pyrethrum.
Next, you should follow the beetles and collect mechanically. As soon as the crop is harvested, remove all dry shoots from the site. This will prevent the larvae from hibernating in the soil.
Asparagus fly. Symptoms: larvae appear on the stem. Struggle: Remove sprouts if affected. After harvesting, treat the soil with fungicides, dig up the soil to the depth of a shovel. In case of severe infestation, it is better to change the site for asparagus.
The main the difference between Umbelatus and all other asparagus is the presence of solid vertical stems... At their ends, there are always long umbrella-shaped needles. The main stems are dark green in color and slightly woody at the base.
In design, the plant is used to form vertical and cascading compositions. Its hard, non-bending stems make it suitable for growing in a regular pot. Looking at the photo, it is easy to see that in appearance, the plant resembles a small herringbone, and its phylloclades can really be called small and delicate needles.
Watering should be abundant, but no more than three times over seven days. It is especially necessary to ensure that no water remains in the pan. During the dormant period, watering should be reduced to a minimum.
Despite the type of asparagus (Sprenger or pinnate), in the summer, flower growers recommend adding liquid fertilizer to the water no more than once every seven days, strictly observing the proportion - 5 grams. on a bucket of water. Accordingly, from April to September inclusive, feeding should be reduced to two times during the month, but with specialized fertilizers. In the autumn-winter period, care will include solely keeping the soil moist. At home, you need to take care of removing accumulated dust from the flower.
Asparagus grows quite fast.
You can understand that mistakes were made in caring for a flower by its appearance.
So, if the flower began to turn yellow and crumble, then it is being watered incorrectly or the flowerpot is under direct sun. If only the edges of the leaves have darkened, then the plant is suffering from drought. If the flower has become lethargic, it may need to be transplanted into a fresh substrate in a larger pot.
Of the diseases, asparagus is most often affected by rust. The disease manifests itself in the appearance of whitish droplets, which gradually become dark. The affected parts of the flower should be removed immediately and the plant should be sprayed with a fungicide.
The root system of a flower can rot due to excessive watering and stagnant water. Watering should be adjusted, and the flower should be transplanted into fresh soil in a pot with good drainage. During transplantation, the decayed areas on the roots must be cut off.
If a flower is taken outside in the summer, aphids can attack it. These small and voracious insects are capable of destroying the entire bush in a short time. Insecticides are used against all insects.
Asparagus is an ornamental houseplant that looks great in any interior. The flower will look very impressive in a hanging planter or in a basket. Florists use the delicate foliage of asparagus in their bouquets. It is also believed that asparagus creates an atmosphere of love and happiness in the living space, purifies the aura.
There are seven species of asparagus in my collection - and they all behave almost the same way. If it's easy to decide on watering. It is much more difficult to find a place in terms of illumination parameters. The bay - underfilling - immediately turns yellow and begins to crumble. The same thing also happens from a lack of light or, conversely, after exposure to the direct sun. In a nutshell - Asparagus is just the plant that loves the golden mean
My asparagus is still small. I barely saved him from drying out. Several times over the winter I threw out new twigs, but they were so dead, now I put it on the windowsill and spray it every day, he seems to like it, but it doesn't work for the branches to be more than 25 cm ...: cry:
Dragonfly (St. Petersburg)
I also have asparagus, 2 species. One is ordinary and the other is fluffy. Unfortunately, I don't know the types. The common asparagus has grown so that the length of its shoots is now more than 1.5 m. I had to give it to my husband in the office, there the ceilings are high, there he is superb! And she raised the fluff from seeds. I bought seeds, 5 pcs in a package. It was. Sprouted 1 seed. Now there is a whole bush. Such a handsome man. yes
When the heating is turned on, my asparagus massively crumbles and dries, illuminating several branches. I can't do anything with him, so I just cut off the confusion. In the spring, he also quickly builds up everything and blooms in full bloom. I believe that this is due to too warm wintering.
The magnificent greenery of asparagus will not only decorate the interior of the apartment, but also benefit. This plant is able to purify the air from harmful impurities and has antibacterial properties. And caring for this "green doctor" is quite simple. You just need to not be lazy and pay a little attention to asparagus, find the right place for it, and then the wonderful plant will delight you for many years.